New Street (Turne-againe Lane)
The "Eight Bells" was opposite the "Prince of Orange"
(Just shown left) and would have
been situated somewhere in the vicinity of where the Dover Heritage Taxi
today. Photo by Paul Skelton, 1 May 2010.
An early beerhouse, probably opening in the 1840's. It stood on the same
side of the street as the "Metropole" trade entrance. An outlet of Phillips,
it was used for many years unofficially up to 1913, as a common lodging
house. Although aware of its existence, the police turned a blind eye
because they admitted in 1911, although very old it was always clean and
Walter Drury was a drayman for the
Diamond Brewery for fourteen years
before starting here in 1908. He made his arrangements with the gods in
1915, shortly after the closure. That was in 1911 when it was declared
surplus to requirements and compensation of £467 was made to the brewer and
£70 to Drury. It was fully licensed and a public and a private bar were
available. It continued as "Ye Olde Eight Bells Lodging House" well into the
thirties. There is also mention of it still being in existence in 1938 when
Mr. Edward Prescott, of Eight Bells Lodging House was called as a witness to
a sudden death of John Strange, landlord of the "Park
The Pike's Dover Blue Book list it in 1923 and 1932 as the "Eight Bells" under
"Hotels and Public Houses".
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 8
STRIPPING A VESSEL
George Clements, a lad who described himself "of no fixed
residence," and a sailor, was brought up by police-constable Barton and
Bayley, charged with stealing several articles from the brig Water Lily,
James Hawkins, a seaman on board the Water Lily, identified a blanket
frock, a book, pipe, and some copper coins produced by police-constable
Bayley as his property, and said they were safe on board the brig, in
the forecastle, at 5 o'clock on the preceding evening. He next saw them
that morning in the hands of the police. When he left the brig the
forecastle was locked with a padlock and staple, but on going on board a
little after seven that morning he found that the nails of the staple
had been drawn out and a quantity of things, including the articles he
had identified, had been taken away.
Police-sergeant George Geddes - About half-past six o'clock this
morning I saw that the forecastle of the Water Lily had been broken
open. The staple was wrenched off the top, and, inside, the forecastle
had the appearance of having been ransacked. As I was overhauling it the
last witness came on board. When I went on board a man named Sharp, a
coal-worker, was lighting the fire, but he said he had not been near the
forecastle, and appeared to be ignorant that anything unusual had
Emma Johnson, landlady of the "Eight Bells" public-house, New Street
- The prisoner came to my house at 12 o'clock yesterday and remained
there till dusk, when he went out. He returned again shortly before
seven o'clock, and he then had with him the sack and bundle produced by
police-constable Bayley. I did not see anything in his hand when he left
the house. He placed them against the door and asked if he might let
them lie there a little while. Police-constable Barton and two others
shortly afterwards came in and asked me some questions, when I gave them
the bundle and sack produced. Hey said these were not the things they
were looking for, and I put them back in the place where they had been
lying. The policeman, however, came again in the evening and took them
Police-constable John Bayley - About 11 o'clock last night I went to
the "Eight Bells," accompanied by police-constable Barton, and
apprehended the prisoner. I brought away the sack and bundle produced.
In the sack I found the blanket frock which has been identified by the
witness Hawkins; and on searching him at the station-house, I found upon
him the copper coins and the pipe.
The prisoner requested to be dealt with by the justices. He pleaded
guilty, and begged to be treated mercifully.
The superintendent of police said that his description of offence was
of very frequent occurrence, persons like the prisoner, dressed in the
garb of sailors, making it a practice to go from port to port and break
open the cabins of such vessels as might be left unwatched.
The Bench sentenced the prisoner to the full penalty permitted by law
- three months' imprisonment, with hard labour.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 29
Richard Morgan, a hawker of no fixed residence, was brought up by
police-sergeant Geddes, charged with having in his possession, at the
"Eight Bells" public-house, part of a loin of pork and some scrubbing
brushes supposed to have been stolen. It appeared that the articles were
the property of different prosecutors, the cases were dealt with
separately - that of the pork being taken first.
Richard Watford, a journeyman butcher in the employ of Mr.
Edward Adams, Strond Street - In the latter part of yesterday afternoon,
or in the evening, a loin of pork was lying in my master's shop. It was
not missed until police-sergeant Geddes came and enquired if we had lot
one; and on looking, it was then discovered that one joint out of six
which had been hanging up on the front rail of the shop window was
missing. The six joints were hanging inside the window over the
shop-board, and comprised two lions and four necks. No other meat was
hanging there. I had seen them all there about one o'clock in the day.
It was possible for a joint to be reached from the street, supposing a
person came close to the window. The piece of pork produced is a portion
of the missing joint. I know it because it corresponds with the other
loin, which is its fellow, and also because it is of my own cutting. I
do not believe it was sold, but it might have been without my knowledge.
It was worth 3s.
Police-constable Bayley - In consequence of information I had
received I went last evening soon after nine o'clock, in company with
sergeant Geddes, to the "Lord Raglan"
public-house, in Biggin Street, and apprehended the prisoner on
suspicion of having in his possession a bundle supposed to contain
stolen property. He said his bundle was at the "Eight Bells," in New
Street, to which house we then went. On getting there the landlady gave
up a bundle which the prisoner said was his. We then conveyed the
prisoners to the station-house, bundle and all. On searching the latter,
we discovered the piece of pork produced, and other articles. On
apprehending the prisoner I told him that I took him on suspicion of
stealing some pork, when he said that he obtained it from a man on the
Police-sergeant Geddes - I accompanied police-constable Bayley to the
"Lord Raglan" public-house yesterday
evening, and assisted to apprehend the prisoner. I asked him where he
was lodging, and he said at the "Eight Bells." I then questioned him as
to whether he had a bundle there, containing a piece of pork and some
brushes. He said he had; and on my asking him where he had obtained
them, he said he had bought them at Canterbury. I then told him I must
take him into custody on suspicion of felony. We then went to the door
of the "Eight Bells" and called for the bundle, which was handed out by
the landlady. The prisoner admitted it was his, and Bayley took charge
of it and brought it to the station-house. The prisoner then remarked
that he got it from a man on the Canterbury road. I took the prisoner to
the station-house, and saw Bayley search the bundle. I afterwards showed
the pork to the witness, Watford, and he identified it.
The prisoner, being questioned in the usual manner, requested that
the case might be summarily dealt with. He was then asked if he was
guilty or not guilty to the charge, and he pleaded guilty.
The prisoner was then charged with stealing ten scrubbing-brushes,
the property of Mr. W. Binfield, grocer, Last Lane.
Mr. Binfoeld said he was a dealer in brushes. The same morning, about
eight o'clock, police-sergeant Geddes called upon him and enquired if
he had missed any brushes. He was not aware that he had; but on looking
over the brushes in his possession after the officer had left the shop,
he found that a bundle of brushes which had been hanging at the door on
the preceding day, marked 5½d., was missing.
On going to the station-house the bundle of brushes produced by
police-constable Bayley was shown him, and he then identified it as the
missing bundle. He recognised the bundle by the marks on each of them.
He knew the figures as his son's. He had last seen the brushes safe
about nine o'clock on the preceding morning, when they were hanging on
the doorpost of his shop-door. The value of the brushes was about 4s.
They were not sold to anyone.
The officers Bayley and Geddes were then called upon to repeat the
statement they had made in the previous case, substituting the brushes
for the other property stolen.
In reply to the Magistrates, police-constable Coram said the prisoner
was not known to the police in connection with any previous case of this
kind. He had been about Dover before as a professor of sparring, but
that was all.
The prisoner desired that this case also might be summarily dealt
with, and pleaded guilty to the charge.
The Magistrates then sentenced him for the first offence to a month's
imprisonment, with hard labour, and for the second to two months'
imprisonment with hard labour - the imprisonment for the second offence
to commence on the expiration of the first sentence.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 30
A short thickset man, giving the name of Samuel James Whitnall, was
brought up by police-sergeant Geddes, charged with assaulting Emma
Johnson, the landlady of the "Eight Bells" public-house, New Street, and
breaking a pane of glass the property of the landlord, William Johnson.
Mrs. Johnson said that the defendant came into her house a little
after 8 o'clock on the preceding evening and wanted to rouse up a tipsy
man who was sitting asleep in the tap-room. Witness requested him to
desist, telling him that the man was quarrelsome, and that if he got
into the street he would only create a disturbance; but defendant would
not, and instead "pitched into" her, hitting her in the face twice and
once in the ear, and tearing off "nearly everything" she had on. He also
broke a pane of glass. He was the worse for liquor at the time.
The defendant said he had no recollection of the circumstances.
The Bench fined him 1s. and the costs 6d., and on his failing to
produce the money committed him for seven days.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 27
Ann Mulligan, a woman of apparently bibacious habits,
(addicted to drinking) who described
herself as being married and living at the "Eight Bells," New Street,
was charged by Police-constable Bowles with being drunk and causing an
obstruction in York Street, at about twelve o'clock on the previous
evening. From the evidence of the police-constable it appears, that
while he was on duty in York Street, he observed the defendant lying on
the footway, apparently asleep, with a soldier by her side; and that on
rousing her he found that she was very intoxicated, and her conduct,
subsequently, was such as to justify him in removing her to the
The defendant, who acknowledged the offence, expressed her regret at
what had occurred, and hoped that the Bench would grant her liberty that
time, and she would promise no repetition of the offence should occur;
but the magistrates, after a little admonitory advise, said he could not
allow the offence to pass unpunished, and fined defendant 5s. with 6s.
costs. In default to be committed to prison for seven days.
Ann Mulligan, who had also been released from prison only a day or
two before, was brought up by police-constable Irons for being drunk and
causing an obstruction in High Street, Charlton. The Magistrate, after
an admonition, dismissed the defendant, on her promise to leave the town
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 27
UNLAWFULLY SELLING THE PROPERTY OF THE CROWN
John Mulligan, whose appearance presented that of an inveterate
drunkard, was brought before the Bench, on the information of Mrs.
Johnson, the landlady of the "Eight Bells," New Street, charged with
disposing of the following articles of clothing, the property of the
crown, viz.- one pair of boots, a flannel shirt, and one cotton shirt;
but from the evidence that follows, it will be seen that only the charge
of stealing the latter (the cotton shirt) was proceeded with.
Maria Johnson deposed:- I am the wife of John Johnson, who keeps the
"Eight Bells." Yesterday morning, between ten and eleven o'clock, I saw
the defendant in the tap-room of my house in company with a soldier of
the Royal Artillery, whose name I have since learned is Mackenly. They
were conversing together. Shortly afterwards I saw Mackenly take off his
boots, and lay them upon the table, upon which the defendant was in the
act of taking them away, when I remonstrated with him and told him that
if he did so I should send for a policeman. There were others in the
room at the time - I think one soldier, and three or four civilians.
Both the defendant and Mackenly appeared to be very intoxicated. I then
went out of the room, and shortly afterwards I heard the defendant, who
was leaving the room, say he had got 2s. 1d. for the boots. The
defendant and the soldier remained in the room drinking for about an
hour, when I was informed that the soldiers and the defendants had gone
out into the water-closet, for the purpose of changing their clothes. I,
being in the cellar at the time, which is adjoining the water-closet,
called out to them. The defendant then went away with the two shirts
under his arm, and came back soon afterwards, when the soldiers were
asleep. I did not hear the defendant say anything respecting the shirts,
the tap-room door being closed while they were there. A police-constable
then came to the house, when I informed him of what had occurred,
Sarah Whitnall, being sworn, said - I keep a second-hand shop at the
top of New Street. Shortly after ten o'clock yesterday morning, the
defendant came into my shop with a white shirt in his had. He asked me
if I wanted to purchase a shirt, for which he asked 1s. On taking it
into my hands I told him that I could not give him a shilling, and
offered him 8d. as it was nearly worn out. He said he could not part
with it for that, it having cost 3s. 8d. a short time since. He then
retired from the shop with the shirt in his possession, but shortly
afterwards returned with it again, asking me the same questions, as if
he had not previously applied. I, however took the shirt into my hand
again, and on examining it, I found that it was a military shirt. I told
him that it was marked as a military shirt, when he replied that it was
once, but it was his own, he having been lately discharged by the army.
With that understanding I gave him 8d. for the shirt. The shirt produced
is the same. The shirt was placed upon the table in front of the room,
where it remained until an application was made for the same by Sergeant
Scutt, to whom I handed it over.
Sergeant Scutt - I produce the shirt which by request was handed to
me by the last witness.
Jonathan Hemingway (who appeared in command of an escort with the two
soldiers concerned in the matter) deposed - I am a staff-sergeant in the
Royal Artillery. I identified the shirt produced as a military shirt,
and it is marked with the name of gunner Mackenly, who belongs to the
Royal Artillery. I know that it was in his possession on Saturday last.
He was absent yesterday till nine o'clock, when he returned to the
barracks at the Castle, without his or any other shirt. The shirt in
question is worth 1s.
The Bench, taking a lenient view of the case, and there being no
proof of any previous offences of the kind against the defendant,
remonstrated with him upon his future proceedings, and then inflicted a
fine, in default of paying which he was committed to prison for one
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 17
DOVER POLICE COURT
James Williams, a scissors-grinder living in New Street, was charged
with assaulting John Edwards, who described himself as "servant" at the
"Eight Bells" public-house and lodging-house.
From the statement of the complainant it appeared that on the
previous day the prisoner and another man in the custody of the police
on a separate charge were at the "Eight Bells," and on the landlord
desiring to close the house both of them refused to leave. The
prisoner's companion threw a boulder at Mr. Johnson, the landlord, and
another at the complainant, and the prisoner struck complainant with a
glass ginger-beer bottle. The latter blow inflicted a bad wound on
complainant's forehead, which was covered with strapping and seemed to
have bled very profusely. Williams was given into custody, but the other
The second man, another scissor-grinder named John Sheridan, was then
brought in by the police, and identified by the complainant as the man
who threw a stone at him.
Police-constable Campany said he was on duty in New Street, about
three o'clock on the previous afternoon, when he heard a great
disturbance in the "Eight Bells." On entering the house, he found the
complainant bleeding from a wound in the forehead an the prisoner
William just behind him, with a ginger-beer bottle in his hand. Witness
took Williams into custody. He had previously seen him at the "Red
Lion," where he was committing a similar disturbance and breaking
the windows. Previous to taking him into custody, the prisoner said he
did not mean to strike Edwards so hard, but that he ran his head against
the bottle. (Laughter.)
Prisoner now had the audacity to repeat this version of the assault
to the Magistrates in his defence. Sheridan said that Edwards hit him,
and he returned the blow - that was all.
The Bench did not believe the prisoners, and committed each of them
to one month.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 24
CHARGE OF FELONY
James Sinclair, a man who said he was a baker by trade, but had no
employment, was charged with stealing from the North Foreland Meadow on
the previous Saturday, a steelyard and a hay-cutter. From the evidence
of Joseph Bush, a labourer belonging to Canterbury, it appeared that he
had worked in the meadow in question during the past week, binding hay.
He left work at four o'clock on Saturday afternoon, leaving his
implements at the top of the stack and covering them over with hay. At
half-past ten o'clock on Monday morning, on going to resume work he
found that they had been taken away. The prisoner, it seemed, had been
seen in the neighbourhood of the stack, and had had possession of the
things, having asked a man named William Smith, a labourer lodging at
the "Eight Bells" public-house, where the prisoner was also staying, to
sell them for him. It appeared that he had concealed the things - the
cutter behind a pigsty in the yard, and the steelyard under some mats in
the kitchen. Information was given to the police, and the prisoner was
then taken into custody.
The prisoner was remanded, Dr. Astley expressing his intention of
sending him to the next county petty sessions.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 12
AN OLD OFFENDER
Clara Greenstreet, an unfortunate who has many times appeared before
the Bench, was charged with maliciously breaking some windows at the
"Eight Bells" public-house, New Street, on the previous day, while in a
state of drunkenness; but the proprietor of the house, a man named
Johnson, although promising the police that he would attend and
prosecute the charge, failed to put in his appearance, and the prisoner
was therefore dismissed with a caution.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer,
27 April, 1866.
William Jones, a tramping baker, was charged will illegally pledging
a silver watch, value £6, the property of John Taylor, of the
"Britannia" public-house, Canterbury.
The prosecutor said; I am a discharged soldier, and lodge at the
"Britannia" public-house, Canterbury. On Monday morning last I saw the
prisoner at the "Golden Lion." He told me he was a watchmaker, and was
going to work at Mr. Mason's, of Canterbury. I showed him my watch and
he said he would take it and repair it for me. I let him have the watch,
and as he did not bring it back at the time he had promised it, I went
to Mason's, and found that they knew nothing of the prisoner, and that
there had been no promise given to employ him there. I then traced him
to Dover, and discovered that the watch had been pledged at a
pawnbroker's in Canon Street. I found the prisoner at the "Eight Bells"
public house, in new Street.
Clerk: Had you known the prisoner long?
Prosecutor: Only since Friday last. He was lodging in the same house
Henry Nathan: I am a pawnbroker carrying on business in Cannon
Street. The watch produced was brought to me on Monday night by the
prisoner, but he then declined to leave it for the amount I offered upon
it. He brought it again on Tuesday morning, and then told me that if I
would lend him the amount I had offered on the previous night he would
Magistrate: What was the sum?
Examination continued: The prisoner pawned the watch in the name of
John Taylor (the name of the owner).
Prosecutor: My name is on the back of the case.
The prisoner did not deny the charge, and the Magistrates fined him
£7 for the offence; in default a month's imprisonment, with hard labour.
The prisoner said he must go to prison.
The Magistrate then ordered that the watch should be given to the
The pawnbroker requested that the money found upon the prisoner might
be given up to him, as it was no doubt part of the money he had received
The Magistrates at first said they had no power to make such an
The pawnbroker pointed out, however, that such a course was
frequently adopted in the London Police Courts, and ultimately the
Magistrates, after some consultation, directed that the money found upon
the prisoner should be given up to the pawnbroker, the prisoner himself
expressed no unwillingness to such a course.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday,
24 April, 1868.
STEALING WORKMEN'S TOOLS.
William Knight, a young man, was charged with stealing from an
unfinished building near St. James's Church, on the 18th inst., a basket
of carpenter's tools, belonging to Thomas Sawyer, and William Sheppard
was charged with aiding and assisting Knight in disposing of the
Thomas Sawyer, a journeyman carpenter, said he lived at 3, Prospect
Cottages. The tools produced, consisted of an axe, three saws, three
planes, a pair of pincers, a pair of compasses, two punches, two
gimlets, two bradawls, four chisels, two screw-drivers, a rabbit-plane,
and a level were his. There were some other tools in the bag when he
last saw it, but they were not in it now. He left the bag in an
unfinished building in Harold Street, at the rear of St. James's Church,
on Saturday afternoon, He meant to call for the bag after he had had his
tea. He accordingly went back to the buildings at half-past five, and
found that the tools were gone. He looked round to see how anyone could
have got in, and he found that a square of glass had been taken out from
the back kitchen window. He at once gave information to the police, and
he next saw the tools at the shop of Messrs. Long and Bacon,
pawnbrokers. The tools were worth £2.
Mr. James Long said the prisoner Knight brought the tools to his shop
about six o'clock on Saturday evening. He offered them in pledge, asking
for 10s. to be advanced on them. Witness asked to whom the tools
belonged, and prisoner said, to his brother. Witness thereupon sent him
for his brother, and after about half-an-hour's absence, he returned
with the other prisoner, who said he was the brother of Knight and the
owner of the tools. Witness then advanced 9s. on the tools. Both the
prisoners gave the name of Sawyer. The tools were afterwards given up to
Police-constable Raymond, in consequence of the information given by
the prosecutor on Saturday evening, went to the "Eight Bells" on Sunday
morning. He found Knight, and told him he should take him into custody
on a charge of stealing some tools from a house at the back of St.
James's Church. Witness took him into custody and conveyed him to the
police-station, where the charge was taken down, when the prisoner
admitted taking out the pane of glass, and being in the other man's
company when the tools were actually stolen, and also when they were
Police-constable H. Smith deposed to apprehending Sheppard, who was
also found at the "Eight Bells," at eight o'clock on the previous night.
the prisoner, on being told what he was being charged with, denied
knowing anything about it, except going to the pawnbrokers' shop and
saying that the tools were his, at the request of Knight.
Both men pleaded guilty to the charge, which was summarily disposed
of by the Magistrates, each of the prisoners being sent to Wandsworth
for three months, with hard labour.
Another basket of tools belonging to some plasterers employed on the
same building had been found by the police at the "Antwerp
Tap," where they had been left by Knight and another man. The men to
whom the tools belonged were in attendance and identified their
property. The tools were, therefore, restored to them, the Magistrates
not thinking it worth while to go into a second charge against the
The Bench thanked Mr. Long for the course he had pursued, and ordered
his expenses to be paid.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday,
21 August, 1868.
A K'RECT CARD DECIDEDLY INCORRECT.
Mary McGuire, a k'rect card of the feminine gender, was charged with
disorderly conduct and wilfully breaking three dinner plates at the
"Eight Bells" public-house, New Street.
The Magistrates ordered the police to see her out of the town,
instructing them to bring her up again on the same charge if she
From the Dover Express and East Kent
News, Friday 30 April, 1869.
Susan Bartholomew, a travelling woman, was charged with wilfully
breaking a pane of glass at the "Eight bells" public-house , new Street.
It appeared that the defendant came to the house in question on
Tuesday and asked for lodgings. As she had behaved herself badly on a
previous occasion, however, the landlord declined to accommodate her.
She came again on Wednesday morning, and said she had been unable to get
lodgings and had had to walk the streets all night. The landlord told
her that if she conducted herself properly she would find no difficulty,
but he could not take her in himself. She then went into the kitchen,
where the lodgers were breakfasting, and took up their food and threw it
over the room. he removed her from the house by the back-door, and she
afterwards came round to the front of the house and broke a pane
of glass in one of the windows, the value of which was 8d. The landlord
then sent for a policeman, and gave her into custody. After getting into
the custody of the police she behaved very badly.
Sergeant Stevens, who had taken the woman into custody, deposed to
her violent conduct and her disgraceful language on the way to the
police-station and while in custody there. She cut her hand very badly
in breaking the glass, and it was necessary to send for the doctor, but
she spat in his face, and he waqs obliged to go away.
In her defence the woman said she was supplied with drink by the
landlord of the "Eight Bells" all the while she had money, but when her
money was exhausted she was turned out of the house. On the following
morning she was interfered with by a couple of women in the house and
she got exasperated and broken the window.
In default of paying the damage and costs, the defendant was
sentenced to a week's imprisonment , and to a further fourteen days' for
the violent assault upon the constable and her disgusting behaviour to
the medical gentleman who was called in to attend upon her.
From the Dover Express and East Kent
News, Friday 3 September, 1869.
John Williams, a labourer, was charged with stealing a pair of boots
the property of Mr. Moody, of St. James's Lane.
Henry Moody said he lived in St. James's Lane, and knew the boots
produced as his property. On the previous night the prisoner came into
his shop, with his wife and child, and asked for a pair of boots.
Witness handed those now produced, when the prisoner tried them on, but
asked for another pair, saying that the first were rather too long.
Witness thereupon gave him another pair which appeared to fit him. The
prisoner then said he would go and fetch the money as he had not enough
with him. After the prisoner, with his wife and child, had left the
shop, witness missed the boots produced, and immediately gave
information to the police. The value of the boots was 2s. 6d.
Police-sergeant Stevens deposed to going to the "Eight Bells"
public-house , in new Street, at about eight o'clock, on Saturday
evening. he saw the prosecutor outside, and requested him to
remain there while he (the witness) went inside. Witness saw a woman in
the passage, and while he was speaking to the landlady of the house, the
woman called the prisoner out of the tap-room, and he went out of the
front door. Witness immediately went out, when he asked Moody if the man
who had just gone out was the man who had stolen the boots. In
consequence of what Moody said in reply, witness followed the prisoner,
and saw him going through a passage leading to Queen's Gardens. He
stopped the prisoner, and asked him to let him look at his shoes, when
he saw he was wearing a pair of boots similar to those described as
missing. Witness brought him back to the public-house, and told him to
take one off. He did so, when witness showed it to the prosecutor, who
immediately identified it. Mr. Moody then gave prisoner into witness's
custody on the charge of stealing the boots; but the prisoner said he
was not guilty.
the prisoner now pleaded guilty, and desired to be tried by the
Magistrates. In his defence, he said he was very sorry for what had
occurred. He himself did not steal the boots nor had he any intention of
doing so; but after he had left the shop his "missus" produced them from
under her shawl; and he did not then like to take them back.
The magistrates sent the prisoner to gaol for one month with hard
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 5 November, 1869. Price 1d.
CHARGE OF STEALING A SILVER WATCH
Charles Higrers Maynard, a French bookbinder, was charged with having in
his possession at the “Eight Bells” public-house, New Street, a silver
watch, supposed to have been stolen.
Police-sergeant Barton said that in consequence of information he
received he apprehended the prisoner at the “Eight Bells” on the
previous evening, at half-past eleven, when he found in his possession a
silver watch, supposed to have been stolen. He asked that the case might
be remanded in order that he might be enabled to obtain evidence.
The Magistrates remanded the prisoner until Wednesday.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday,
14 January, 1870.
PURCHASING SOLDIERS' NECESSARIES.
George Deal, a mariner, belonging to Dover, was charged with
purchasing a regimental woollen shirt, from a soldier of the 4th
Provost-marshal Edward Robins, said the shirt produced was part of
the regimental necessaries of a private in the 4th name Arthur Hemmit,
and was marked with his regimental number as well as with the year in
which it was issued (1869). The prisoner had the shirt on his back when
he was found, at the "Eight Bells" public-house, New Street, and witness
gave him in charge, the prisoner himself admitting that he had bought
the shirt from a soldier. The value of the shirt was 6s.
The prisoner said he had purchased the shirt at the "Eight Bells" of
a soldier, but was not aware that it was a regimental shirt, and did not
see any marks upon it.
The Magistrates fined him £1, besides treble the value of the
article, 18s., and the costs, 6s.; in default fourteen days'
imprisonment. The penalty in which he had rendered himself liable was
£20, or six months' imprisonment.
The prisoner said he must go to gaol, and was removed in custody.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 25 June, 1877. Price 1d.
STEALING A SILVER WATCH
George Blackman and Thomas Horn, privates in the 6th Regiment, were
charged with having in their possession, on the 25th inst., at the
“Eight Bells” public-house, a silver watch value £2, the property of
Philip Hahn, supposed to have been stolen.
Philip Hahn said: I am here with a German band playing in the streets.
On Monday night I was at the “Eight Bells” public-house, in New Street,
about nine o’clock. I had rather more drink than was good for me. There
were some soldiers in the house. I wanted to go out to the back, and two
of the soldiers followed me out of the front door into the yard. As I
came out of the urinal one of the men that had followed me caught hold
of my watch guard and pulled my watch out of my pocket. I went into the
house again and told the landlord. The watch now produced is the same.
The glass and spring is broken and also the guard to which it was
attached. I value it at £2. I could not say who the men were.
By the prisoner Blackman: I cannot say it was you, but it was someone
very much like you.
Sarah Winter said: My husband keeps the “Carpenter’s Arms” public-house
in Peter Street. The prisoners have been to my house several times. They
came last night between six and seven o’clock and called for a pint of
beer which I served them with. Hore asked me if I had a key that would
wind up his watch. I told him my husband would be home shortly and
perhaps he had one. He gave me the watch, and while I had it a Policeman
came in and in the presence of the two men asked for the watch. I said
“What watch?” And he said “The one that you have.” I then gave it up.
The Policeman told Hore that he should take him into custody for
stealing the watch. Hore made some reply which I did not notice and both
prisoners ran out of the house. The watch now produced is the same.
William Hallett, landlord of the “Eight Bells” public-house, said he
remembered the prosecutor being in his house on Monday night the worse
for drink. He was in company with the two prisoners and a sailor. The
latter called for half a gallon of beer. They all went into the tap-room
and the beer was served there. The prosecutor asked where the back-way
was, and the prisoner Blackman said he would show him and they both went
out. In about three minutes the German returned and said he had lost his
watch. The soldiers were then gone from the tap-room, but the sailor was
there. The larger portion of the beer was still untouched. The prisoners
had been in the house about five o’clock the same evening and stayed
about an hour. Witness did not remember seeing Hore after the watch was
Police-constable Fogg said he went to the “Carpenter’s Arms” about
half-past six on the previous evening, and he saw the two prisoners
sitting in the tap-room. He asked the landlady for the watch she had,
and she said she had not got one, but afterwards handed it over on being
told that she would have to go to the station to be searched. When the
prisoners were told that they would be charged with stealing the watch
they ran out of the house. The Constable followed and caught Blackman at
Effingham Crescent. He said he knew nothing about the watch. The other
prisoner was apprehended at the barracks and he said he did not steal
the watch, but that he was at the “Eight Bells” when it was stolen.
The men were committed for trial at the Quarter Sessions on Monday next.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 13 December, 1878
WASTE OF WATER
William Abbott, landlord of the “Eight Bells” public-house, new Street,
was summoned on the information of the Inspector of Water Fittings for a
waste of water.
Mr. Wollaston Knocker, Town Clerk, prosecuted.
The Inspector (H. B. Shillito) deposed to visiting the defendant’s house
on the 25th of November, and on going into the yard saw a stop tap,
direct from the main, half turned and the water running. He then went
into a water-closet and there found the stop valve leaking. He called
the defendant’s wife attention to the waste and told her it must be
repaired. Again he visited the defendant’s house on the 4th and 6th of
December and found the same state of things. He had cautioned the
The defendant said he was very sorry; but he would be more careful in
Fined 9s. 6d., including costs.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 6 January, 1882. Price 1d.
William Charles Napier, a man who claimed to be related to the baronet
of the same name, was charged with stealing eight files and one saw set,
the property of John Cremer.
The prisoner pleaded “Not Guilty.”
John Cremer, a saw sharpener staying at the “Eight Bells” public-house,
New Street, said: The eight files and the saw set produced are my
property, and I use them in my business. On Tuesday night, shortly after
nine o’clock, I went to bed at the public-house and left my tools on the
window sill in the kitchen. I forgot to take them upstairs with me, and
between ten and eleven o’clock I dressed and went downstairs, but found
the set was gone. I told the landlord of my loss, and we all searched,
but nothing was found. The prisoner who had been lodging there for some
time, was in the kitchen when I went to bed, but was absent when we were
looking for them. The next morning I came to the Police-station, and
afterwards returned to the “Eight Bells” with a constable, and I accused
the prisoner of stealing the files, but he said he knew nothing about
them. We then went to different public-houses and called at the
“Sultan,” and from something we heard there we returned to the “Eight
Bells,” and I gave prisoner in charge.
John Mackay, landlord of the “Old Commercial Quay Inn,” said: On Tuesday
night at about ten o’clock the prisoner came into my house and said he
wanted a sixpence to take him to Folkestone, and offered to leave the
tools with me if I would lend him the money till the morning. I gave him
sixpence and kept the files. This morning a policeman came, and from
what he said I handed him the tools. The prisoner had told me they were
his own, and that he used them for sharpening saws.
Police-constable Pilcher said: Yesterday about twelve o’clock I
accompanied the prosecutor to the “Eight Bells” public-house, New
Street, and he there accused the prisoner of stealing his tools, which
the prisoner denied knowing anything about, and said he would have been
truly too glad to tell the prosecutor if he knew. From enquiries I made
at several public-houses we returned afterwards to the “Eight Bells,”
and the prisoner was given into my custody. This morning I went to the
“Old Commercial Quay” public-house, and Mr. Mackay gave me the tools
The prisoner made a long defence, but of little advantage to himself.
The Bench sentenced the prisoner to 21 days’ imprisonment with hard
labour, without the option of a fine.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 1 March, 1907. Price 1d.
THE ACCIDENT AT THE EIGHT BELLS - FATAL TERMINATION
The death occurred at the Infirmary today of Mr. Stephen Smith Wickenden,
of the “Eight Bells” public house, New Street, who on Sunday last
slipped down some stone steps at his house. He was taken to Dover
Hospital, and found to be suffering from a broken leg just above the
ankle. He was afterwards transferred to the Dover Union Infirmary,
where he died last night. An inquest will be held at the Union Workhouse
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 8 March, 1907. Price 1d.
MAN’S STRANGE DEATH
EXTRANORDINARY CONDUCT OF STREET BOYS
An inquest was held at the Union Workhouse on Sunday, by the Borough
Coroner, (Sydenham Payn, Esq.), on the body of Stephen Smith Wickenham,
aged 53 years, the husband of the landlady of the “Eight Bells” public
house, New Street. The deceased, on the evening of Sunday, February
24th, was returning to the “Eight Bells” when something caused him to
fall down. A man who was lodging at the “Eight Bells” was returning
there soon after, and saw the deceased on the ground surrounded by a
number of boys. Upon his arrival the boys decamped. It was then
discovered that Wickenden’s leg was broken. He was removed to the Dover
Hospital, and from thence on Wednesday last week to the Dover Union
Infirmary, where he died on Thursday evening.
The Jury was as follows:-Messrs. F. Kidd, (foreman), J. E. Hayward, A
Groombridge, G. Spinner, J. Dye, S. Butt, H. Carter, W. J. Hanson, G.
Pierce, A. Harman, G. Sedgwick, W. J. Hodgson, S. Nash, E. Marley, and
After the body had been viewed, the following evidence was taken:-
Sarah Ann Wickenden, widow of the deceased, and landlady of the “Eight
Bells” public house, New Street, said: The deceased is 53 years of age.
He has been in the Army in the 50th Regiment, but left some years ago.
Last Sunday afternoon, about 4 o’clock he left the “Eight Bells” to go
to Mr. Dolbear’s, Leighton Road. I did not see him again till I saw him
about 8.30. I was in my house, and I heard a noise. I went out and I saw
my husband surrounded by a number of boys, who were holding him up. I
did not know then that it was my husband, so I went indoors. About ten
minutes afterwards someone knocked at the door. I went to the door, and
saw my husband on his hands and knees. The boys had disappeared. Mr.
Walker assisted my husband in the door. I could see that his leg was
broken. I sent for a cab and took him to the hospital. He said his leg
was broken. He said he had fallen down but did not blame anyone. He
remained in the Hospital till Wednesday, when Mr. Patmore came to me and
said that my husband was delirious and would have to be removed. He was
then removed to the Workhouse. Recently he has been quite well. He was
not an excessive drinker. The deceased had been a good worker, having
good references from all his places.
James Dolbear, landlord of the “Plough Inn,” London Road, said: I live
at Leighton Road. On Sunday afternoon the deceased came to my house
about 4.30. he stopped till about 6 o’clock, when he came up to the
“Plough” with me. He seemed quite well. He left the “Plough” about 7.15.
he was quite sober. He was an intimate friend of mine. He had some drink
in the “Plough,” but he could not finish it. I thought he was a little
queer then. The next I heard of him was that he was in the Hospital,
which I was surprised to hear. On Monday afternoon about 2.15 I went to
the Hospital, and saw the deceased. He was delirious, but he recognised
me, and said that he did not know how the accident happened, beyond that
he fell down. He did not complain about being knocked about. He had
never drunk very much to my knowledge.
The Coroner (to the Police): Have any enquiries been made about the
Detective Mount: I made enquiries in five different streets this
morning, but could not find any of them.
William Walker, a labourer, lodging at the “Eight bells,” said: On
Sunday evening I was returning to the “Eight Bells” when I saw a number
of boys run out of the house. When I came they ran away and I then saw
the deceased lying on the ground. I went to him and lifted him up. I
opened the door and helped to get him inside. He complained of his leg.
He said he had fallen down.
The Coroner: What were the boys doing?
Witness: Well, it looked very funny to me. They scampered off very
quickly when I got there.
Dr. E. Elliot, Medical officer at the Workhouse Infirmary, said:
Arrangements were made on Tuesday for the removal of the deceased from
the Hospital to the Workhouse. He was admitted to the Workhouse on
Wednesday evening. He had a broken leg just about the ankle, and he was
suffering from delirium tremens. He remained in the same condition, and
died suddenly of heart failure on Thursday evening. I do not think that
the delirium tremens could have been caused by the accident alone.
Mr. Dolbear: Did you examine his head? Were there any bruises at the
back of his head?
Was there anything on the front part of the face?
He was scratched about his face.
Do you think it was caused by a heavy fall or by gravel rash?
By gravel rash.
Nurse Margaret Preston said: I am a nurse at the workhouse. The deceased
was brought to my ward on Wednesday evening about 8 o’clock. He was
placed in bed. He was very delirious. His condition did not change at
all. He died at 8.50 on Thursday night. He was not conscious at any
The Police stated that they had no evidence to offer, as they had no
report of the matter until they heard of the man’s death.
The Jury returned a verdict that the deceased died through heart
failure, following the delirium tremens, and a fractured leg caused by
falling down in the street.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, 3 February, 1911.
DOVER LICENSING SESSIONS
EIGHT BELLS, NEW STREET
This was a notice of objection to the Eight Bells, New Street
occupied by Mr. Walter Drury, on the ground of redundancy.
Chief Constable Fox said he had given notice of objection to the
licence of this house, the "Eight Bells," New Street. It was fully
licensed, a common lodging house, and situated in New Street. The owners
were Messrs. T. Phillips and Co., Dover and West Malling. The present
tenant was Walter Drury, and the licence was transferred to him on
February 3rd, 1908.The rateable value was £36 gross, £29 net. The
licences in the immediate neighbourhood were the "Prince of Orange,"
opposite, 15 yards; the side door to the "Metropole," 31 yards; the
"Rose," Cannon Street, 45 yards; the "Wellington," Biggin Street, 67
yards; the "Marquis of Anglesey," York Street, 88 yards; the "New Inn,"
York Street, 92 yards; and the "Crown Inn," Military Road, 132 yards.
The frontage was 50ft, and the accommodation a public bar, private bar,
two private rooms on the ground floor, one large kitchen for lodgers,
five bedrooms used by lodgers, accommodation 30 beds, also a very large
cellar. The property was very old, and clean considering the old
property it is. The renewal of the licence was not required on the
grounds of redundancy.
Cross-examined by Mr. Mowll. The landlord had been there three years
, and he kept the premises clean, and there was nothing to say against
the tenant, who had conducted the house very well, although it was a
difficult business to manage. There was no reason to select this
particular house. It was a neighbourhood where they could select another
The Magistrates' Clerk: It is a common lodging house?
Witness: Yes, that is one ground.
Inspector Lockwood said that at 10.20 a.m. on Thursday, 19th January,
he visited the "Eight Bells," and found two customers. At 8.45 p.m. on
Saturday the 21st, there was one customer, at 11.30 a.m. on Monday,
23rd, no customers; at 2.40 p.m., on Wednesday, 25th, no customers; at
5.05 p.m. on Tuesday, 31st, no customers; on Friday February 3rd, at
6.55 p.m., two customers.
Cross-examined: After the first two men saw you they did not come
again. Do you not think that harrying these people like this is rather
hard? - They did not know we were coming.
Mr. Mowll, addressing the Bench in regard to the cases, said that in
regard to the last two the brewers were prepared to resign themselves to
their fate. In regard to the first two, different considerations
applied. In regard to the "Eight Bells," it was a lodging house, where
there were 30 beds, and the evidence was that the tenant had conducted
the place well and kept it clean. These were very useful assets in
regard to a man who was conducting a common lodging house. It was most
desirable that they should be in the hands of those who conduct them in
clean, respectable manner. Of course some might say it could still be
conducted as a common lodging house after the licence had been taken
away, but people who use these houses generally went there where they
could have the facilities they had had in the past. There was another
aspect. This man had paid a very substantial valuation to go in, and he
would not get that valuation back. A tenant going out was entitled to
receive more compensation by the Act and do nothing in respect to beds
and the furniture of the premises, which were not strictly assets to the
licensed premises, and all he would get would be the price they would
fetch by auction, and the difference between the valuation given and the
auction price would be a considerable one. In regard to the "Albion," it
was difficult to understand how it could be selected again. Only two
years had lapsed since they had the fact before them that the "Albion"
was doing a very good trade, but they decided to schedule the house for
compensation. But when the compensation authorities were face to face
with the figures and saw the trade the "Albion" were doing, they said
"No; this is too expensive a house," and the licence was renewed. Since
then the "Neptune Hall," another house in the same locality, had had its
licence taken away, and therefore the compensation of the "Albion" were
fewer now than when the Quarter Sessions renewed their licence. If this
house were scheduled it would no doubt mean that a very sustainable
trade would go to someone else. Was it fair that a tenant described by
the police as an admirable one, who had worked up this trade which had
increased from what it was two years ago, should have his licence taken
away. They had evidence that the house was doing not a small trade, but
a large trade. How absurd it was to take away such a licence on the
ground that it was unnecessary.
The Magistrates without retiring, stated that the house would be sent
forward to the Compensation Authorities to deal with.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday,
22 May, 1868.
Cornelius Geary and George Kean were charged with disorderly conduct
at the "Eight Bells" public-house, New Street, and with wilfully
breaking certain articles of crockery, value 6d.
Sarah Johnson, the wife of William Johnson, the keeper of the "Eight
Bells," said that the men had been lodging there two or three days. They
came home on Tuesday very disorderly, and used threatening language to a
servant, saying they would knock her brains in, at the same time
breaking a cup, two saucers, and a glass bottle. They also threatened to
kick the landlord's ______ in. No provocation whatever had been given
them. The value of the articles broken was 6d.
Elizabeth Reeves, servant at the public-house, gave corroborative
evidence. She was afraid because of the threats used to her.
Both defendants belonged to the Artillery Militia, recently
disbanded. They said they had spent all their money at the public-house,
and now the landlord wanted to get rid of them.
The magistrates informed defendants that the charge would be left
open till Friday, and in the event of their leaving the town by that day
it would be dismissed.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 28 March, 1902. Price 1d.
Elizabth Ratcliffe was charged with being drunk and disorderly and using
obscene language in York Street.
Inspector Nash said that at 20 to 5 on the previous afternoon he saw the
prisoner in New Street in company with two men. They went into the
“Eight Bells” public house. He followed in and told the landlord not to
serve her as she was drunk, and had just been turned out of a public
house. She followed witness into the street, and used obscene and filthy
language, and behaved in a very disorderly manner. He advised her to go
away, and one of the men got her into York Street, where her conduct
became disgusting, and she lay down. Witness then took her into custody,
and had considerable difficulty in bringing her to the Police Station.
From the Dover Express. September 1910.
At the Dover Police Court on Tuesday William Frederick Knell was charged
with being drunk on licensed premises “The Eight Bells” New Street, and
further with assaulting the landlord Mr. Drury by striking him. The
prisoner sat down while the evidence was taken and appeared to be in a
state of collapse. Dr. Elliot said he and the other medical men had the
man under observation for a week and they found he had been malingering.
He was all right the previous night and there was no doubt that he was
“putting on” all these fits.
Walter Drury landlord of the “Eight Bells” said on Friday September
24th, prisoner who had slept at the house the night before came into the
kitchen where witness was doing some lime washing. Prisoner complained
about the kettle being on the fire and said he wanted to fry some fish.
Witness was standing with one foot on the table and the other on some
steps and when he declined to take the kettle away prisoner struck him
knocking him to the ground. The man was the worse for drink but he had
not had the liquor in the Eight Bells. Witness sent for a constable and
gave the man in charge. P.C. Husk said he was called to the house and in
the kitchen he saw the prisoner and Mr. Drury who was bleeding from the
face and also had a black eye. When arrested prisoner became very
violent and had to be handcuffed and taken to the Police Station on an
ambulance. When searched 10s 6d was found on him. The Mayor said he
noticed prisoner had over 50 convictions against him. He had not missed
being convicted either one or more times annually from 1878 to the
present time. He would be fined £1.3s. 6d inclusive of costs and allowed
a fortnight to pay.
Information kindly supplied by Joyce Banks.
More reading of Dover at
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 13 November, 1933. Price 1½d.
MINER HOUSEBREAKER IMPRISONED
The Dover Quarter Sessions were held on Monday, at the Town Hall, before
the Recorder (Sir Archibald Bodkin, K.C.B.). It was the first occasion
that the Sessions had sat since the abolition of Grand Juries Attempted
Burglary in Snargate Street.
Frederick George Mussett, 27, a miner, of the “Eight Bells” common
lodging house, was charged with attempting burglary, on September 16th,
at the shop of John Frederick Edwards, jeweller, of 181, Snargate
Street. He was further charged with being found in possession of a
Defendant pleaded guilty, and admitted a conviction for felony at Dover
on November 14th, 1932.
Mr. Fletcher, who appeared for the prosecution, described how Mr.
Edwards was disturbed by a noise during the night, and saw a man in the
doorway. He fetched a policeman, and the prisoner was arrested. In his
possession was found a piece of iron with brown marks on it,
corresponding to the brown paint on the door, which had been tampered
Detective Sergeant Cadman read a list of Police Court convictions
against Mussett, including several for stealing.
The Recorder said that it was clear that the prisoner had gone out on
that night intending to break into Mr. Edward’s shop and stealing what
he could lay his hands on. He had been convicted on at least three
previous occasions of dishonesty. He had had work in the collieries, and
for a month or so this year in Jersey, which showed that he was an
able-bodied workman. He had pleaded guilty to the offences in the
indictment and also admitted a previous conviction for felony, which
gave him (the Recorder) power to send him to penal servitude for a very
long period, under a statute which was passed to prevent people of bad
character from preying upon others. He was not going to take such a
serious course as that, and one reason why he abstained was the fact
that Mussett had been in employment this year for a short time and that
perhaps he might have had difficulty in getting immediate work. He would
be sentenced to imprisonment with hard labour for nine months.
JONES John 1791
JOHNSON James 1859
JOHNSON William 1859-74+
HAMMOND William 1875
ABBOTT W 1876
FITZGIBBON John 1880-June/1904
WICKENDEN Mrs Sarah Ann June/1904+
WICKENDEN Stephen Smith 1904-Mar/07 dec'd
WICKENDEN Mrs Sarah Ann 1907-Apr/08
DRURY WaIter Feb/1908-13 dec'd
BIRD A 1923
MARSH Mrs 1932
Walter Drury was a drayman from Martin before taking on he Eight Bells.
In reference to the Eight Bells, New Street, the Mayor asked if the new
tenant was aware not only of the difficulty of conducting an ordinary
licence, but of this particular house, which was a common lodging house.
The applicant, who had been a drayman at the Diamond Brewery for 14
years, said he was.
From the Kelly's Directory 1874
From the Post Office Directory 1874
From the Post Office Directory 1882
From the Post Office Directory 1891
From the Kelly's Directory 1899
From the Post Office Directory 1901
From the Post Office Directory 1903
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1923
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1924
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1932-33
From the Dover Express