14 Market Square
19 Market Square
The Walmer Castle next door to Duchess of Kent circa 1960.
MEMENTOES of Dover Tramway: One of the first Dover trams,
car No 3, with open top deck heads for Buckland from the Pier terminus near
the Crosswall quay and is about to overtake a cart hauled by two horses
standing outside the Metropole Restaurant which was opposite St Mary's Church.
In the background can be seen the Duchess of Kent and Walmer Castle public
houses standing side by side near the King Street corner of the Market
Square. Behind the tram is believed to Waterloo House, the very distinctive
shop of Hart & Co Incorporating a very useful public clock.
An outlet of Leney which passed to Fremlin and not always showing this
They were re-designated when Dolphin House was built in 1954.
The original traded in 1729 but it had been known previously as the "Dolphin"
and the "Hare
and Hounds". Enlarged also at some time, because a next
door stable, afterwards used as a soup kitchen and a carpenter's shop, was
incorporated with this establishment.
From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General
Advertiser, Saturday 25 January, 1845. Price 5d.
The gentlemen and respectable tradesmen who meet at the "Walmer
Castle Inn," held their annual supper on Tuesday evening, when about
fifty sat down to a repast, which for variety, excellence, and
abundance, reflected great credit on the worthy young host, (Mr. Sympson,)
and his sister. The stewards had not been idle in their vocation, and
every arrangement for the evening's entertainment seemed to give the
greatest satisfaction. In consequence of the unavoidable absence, from
indisposition, of Mr. Vile, who has presided over these annual meetings
for a long series of years, Mr. Russell was appointed chairman, and the
remark is far removed from flattery when we say that the ability which
he displayed, and the easy manner in which he went through the various
duties of the chair have been rarely if ever excelled. The usual loyal
toasts were received with the accustomed honours; and as the enlivening
glass went round, toast, song, and sentiment afforded successfully an
intellectual and harmonious treat. In the course of the evening the
health of Mr. Vile was proposed by Mr. Kennett, and was drank with
The name changed from the "Hare
and Hounds" to the "Walmer Castle" in 1791. It sold for £430 in 1809 and for £750 in 1851. The front was completely
renewed in 1822. Bagshaw's directory of 1847 lists and "Eating-House" in
Market Place and Joseph Robert Williams as the named tennent. This name also
crops up from Barry Smith's notes at the "Walmer Castle" of exactly the same
date, so I assume they are one and the same. Hence this pub was also
referred to as an "Eating-House" in 1847 and John Ray's advertisement in 1861 informed the public that hot joints were served daily from twelve until
In 1863 the premises of the Walmer Castle were used to hold the inquest
of the fire at the nearby Alhambra Music Hall. (Click
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 27
Ellen Hand, was charged with being drunk, causing an obstruction, and
using obscene language, and further with wilfully breaking four panes of
glass at the "Walmer Castle Inn," Market Place.
Police-sergeant Back - Yesterday afternoon, between four and five
o'clock, a gentleman came to the police station and informed me that a
woman was drunk and breaking windows in the Market Place. I immediately
proceeded to the spot, where I found the defendant, who was obstruction
the footway in a state of drunkenness and in the act of breaking a pane
of glass. I then took her to the station-house. Her language was
obscene. There were four panes of glass broken.
The Bench fined defendant forty shillings; in default of paying which
she was committed to the house of correction for one month.
The defendant was committed for drunkenness only a fortnight since,
and consequently she had been released from prison but a few days.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 18
VALUE OF GOOD CHARACTER
George Roney, an artilleryman belonging to the 2nd Brigade, quartered
at Dover Castle, was brought up by the police-constable Johnson, charged
with drunkenness and disorderly conduct, and with assaulting the
policeman in the execution of his duty.
Johnson said he was on duty on Saturday night, near the "Walmer
Castle Inn," when his assistance was asked by Mr. Ray, the landlord, for
the removal of the prisoner from his house. The prisoner was drunk, and
the proceedings caused a crowd to assemble. After he was got out,
prisoner went back to the house for his stick and gloves, which he got
without causing further disturbance, but as he was passing witness
struck him on the side of the head with the stick, and witness then took
him into custody.
The prisoner said he was sorry for having caused a disturbance, and
for his assault on the policeman; but the truth was he went into the "Walmer
Castle" to buy something to eat, and he was irritated at the landlord
not allowing him to stand at the counter to eat what he had purchased.
Magistrate: But you were drunk, and the landlord was not bound to
have a drunken man on his premises.
The prisoner said if he had not been under the influence of drink the
occurrence would not have taken place.
Lieut Smithett, the lieutenant of the prisoner's battery,
subsequently attended, and in reply to the magistrates said the
prisoner, although he had formerly been of indifferent character had
recently turned over a new leaf, and had behaved himself very well.
Prisoner said he would endeavour to keep a good character if the
Magistrates would look over this offence; and the police superintendent
having no desire to press the charge of assault, the Bench resolved to
give the prisoner opportunity of prosecuting that course of reform which
had now been unhappily broken, and dismissed him with an admonition.
From the Dover Express and East Kent
News, Friday 14 may, 1869.
Henry Irons, a boatman, was charged with disorderly conduct in Market
Street on the previous Saturday evening.
Police-sergeant Johnson said that Mrs. Ray of the "Walmer Castle,"
having sent to the police-station, complaining of the defendant being in
a disorderly state in front of her house, he went to Market Square, and
found the defendant very drunk and wanting to fight. Witness advised him
to go home; but defendant refused , and persisted on entering the
"Phoenix." He afterwards came out and commenced fighting. The constable
then took him to the police-station.
On the urgent appeal of the defendant, the magistrates dismissed him;
but told him that if he appeared before them again he would be punished.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday,
John Cliff, a sailor, was charged with disorderly conduct in market
Square, and also with assaulting Mrs. Ray, the landlady of the "Walmer
Castle," but the prosecutrix not putting in her appearance, the case was
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday,
11 February, 1870.
An inquest was held at the "Walmer Castle Inn," Market Square, on
Saturday evening last before the borough coroner, W. H. Payn, Esq., and
a jury, of which Mr. Thomas Beeching was chosen the foreman, on the body
of a newly-born female infant, which had been picked up on the seashore
in front of the Baths near the Marine Parade, the same morning. It is
somewhat remarkable that the Coroner held a similar enquiry at the same
hour and place on the previous Saturday, on the body of a newly-born
child picked up within the railings of St. Mary's Churchyard.
Alfred Howland said he was a shipwright residing at 1, Paris Yard,
Dover. He was walking along the shore about a quarter before eleven the
same morning near to the bathing rooms, the water flowing at the time,
when he saw the body of the infant lying face downwards on the beach. He
picked it up, and carried it about twelve yards from the edge of the
water in order to prevent it being washed away. He then went and told
his fellow apprentice, who watched the body, while witness went to give
information to the police at the station-house. Witness returned to the
spot where he had left the body, in company with a policeman, who placed
it in a piece of canvas, and removed it to the police-station. Witness
did not notice any marks upon the child; but he noticed that it had
black hair. The infant was not wrapped up in anything; but was quite
bare. He believed it was a newly-born child.
It appeared that Police-constable Baker was the policeman who
accompanied the last witness to the beach to remove the child and that
Police-sergeant Stevens afterwards took it to the surgeon for
Mr. James Robert Crawford said he was a member of the Faculty of
Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, and was practising in Dover in
partnership with Mr. Walter. The same morning, about half-past twelve,
the deceased child was brought up to his surgery by the police for
post mortem examination, so that it might be ascertained whether it
was born alive or not. Upon external examination, he discovered a large
bruise on the forehead, and saw that the nose was disfigured. The lungs,
he found, floated in water, proving that the child had been born alive.
Decomposition was advanced. He believed the bruises on the forehead
might have been caused by the child having fallen on any hard substance.
Witness was not certain whether the blow was received before or after
death. Necessary attention had not been rendered at birth of the child,
and this of itself would have been sufficient to cause death.
By the foreman of the Jury: I should say that the body of the child
had been in the water for about thirty hours.
By the Coroner: The blow on the head would have caused the death of
By the Jury: The child is fully developed. Decomposition would ensue
in thirty hours, and would take place all the more rapidly through
exposure to the air and water.
The Jury retired for a short time, when they arrived at the
conclusion that the child's death had been ensued through wilful neglect
at its birth, and earnestly requested the police to make every exertion
to bring the guilty party to justice.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer,
23 September, 1870. Price 1d.
A STURDY CRIPPLE
John Smith, a middle-aged man who had been deprived of both his legs,
but who with the aid of crutches moved about very nimbly on his stumps,
and who was dressed in the garb of the British Tar, was charged with
drunkenness and disorderly conduct in the Market Place, and assaulting
the police in the execution of duty.
Police-sergeant James Johnson said his attention was called to the
prisoner about half-past six o'clock on the previous evening. He found
him in the Market Place, in front of the "Walmer Castle Inn," where he
had collected a large crowd, which obstructed the footpath. Witness saw
that he was drunk; and he advised him to go home to his lodgings. He
said he would, and was absent for about ten minutes; but at the
expiration of that time he again returned and conducted himself in such
a way as to cause a crown again to assemble. Witness again insisted on
his going away; but he would only move off the footpath into the road,
where he brandished one of his crutches, and set the police at defence.
He still wished him to go away without bother, and was going towards him
to try to persuade him to go, when he flourished his crutch, and brought
it down on the lower part of his (witness's) legs with considerable
violence. Police-constable Mick came up at the same time, and prisoner
struck him with his crutch also. Witness then took him to the
police-station, where his conduct was very violent.
The man had nothing to say in answer to the charge; and the
Magistrates sent him to gaol for a month, with hard labour.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday,
4 February, 1876. 1d
ASSAULT AND DESTRUCTION
Alfred Richards was charged with assaulting the landlord of the "Walmer
Castle," breaking a window, and doing damage to the amount of £1.
The Bench fined prisoner in all £2 2s. which was paid.
From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 26 March, 1880. Price 1d.
MEETING AT THE WALMER CASTLE INN
A large and most enthusiastic meeting of the Town Ward electors was held
in the club room at the “Walmer Castle Inn,” on Turesday evening at nine
o’clock. The room was crowded, and many were unable to gain admittance.
The chair was taken by Mr. J. Bradley, supported by the Liberal
candidates, C. Clement Walker, Esq., and the Hon. Philip Stanhope,
Messrs. Rowland Rees., C. K. Worsfold, T. Viney Brown, E. P. Robinson,
T. Lewis, H. Hayward, H. M. Baker, Mr. Ethelbert, Mr. Evans, Messrs. J.
Agate, J. Parton, T. H. Sutton, J. Struckett, W. J. Pettitt, E. Holder,
J. Vidler, B. Coveney, &c………….
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 15 May, 1885. Price 1d.
DRUNK AND DISORDERLY
Fred Richards was charged with being drunk, disorderly, and using
obscene language in Adrian Street on Saturday night.
Police-constable Bass said: On Saturday night, about nine o’clock, I was
on duty in the Market Square, and was called by the landlord of the
“Walmer Castle” to a disturbance at his house. I saw defendant there,
and told him to go away. He then went into Bench Street and made use of
bad language. He afterwards went into Adrian Street into the
“Northampton Arms.” I cautioned the landlord not to serve him. Defendant
came out in the street again, and I took him into custody.
Fined 5s. and costs.
Four a.m. opening was allowed from 1875, (perhaps a year sooner), and it
held a special distinction in 1914 when all licensed premises and clubs,
with the exception of the "Walmer Castle", the "Duchess of Kent" and the
buffets of the town and harbour stations had to close at nine p.m.
The old Duchess of Kent and Walmer Castle public houses in 1955 before
they were merged to become the Elephant and Hind.
Information taken from John Bavington Jones' book "A
Perambulation of the Town, Port and Fortress of Dover", 1906. (Reprint
in The South Kent Gazette, July 4th, 1979.
Oddly enough, those same two pubs, which stood together, agreed to merge
in 1962. The structural alterations necessary to make that possible,
defeated the best of builders and virtual demolition and rebuilding of the
It reopened as the "Elephant and Hind" in October 1964 as an outlet of Fremlin and Mackeson. The name being an amalgamation of the signs or
corporate identities of the two brewers respectively.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 8 November, 1889. Price 1d.
FIRE AT THE WALMER CASTLE INN
Last night a little before ten o’clock, there was an alarm of fire in
the Market Place and it was found that the attics of the “Walmer Castle
Inn” were on fire. The brigade was soon on the spot and a vast crowd
collected. A hose was taken inside and another to the top by means of
the fire escape. It was soon got under. Considerable damage was done.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 26 January, 1906. Price 1d.
Plans for alterations to the “Walmer Castle” so that a door might be
made for the private portion of the house were approved and also for the
construction of a club room at the “Beaconsfield Arms,” Adrian Street.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 2 March, 1917.
ADJOURNED LICENSING SESSIONS
The license of the “Walmer Castle,” Market Square, was transferred from
Mr. J. Jolly to Mr. G. Wood (Messrs. A. Leney and Co’s agent).
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 18
August, 1933. Price 1½d.
LICENCE TRANSFER SESSIONS
Mr. Wood, of the "Walmer Castle," was granted an occasional licence from
7 p.m. to 1 a.m. on 16th August, at the Town Hall, for a dance
organised by the Man of Kent and Kentish Men. he was also granted a licence
for a marquee at the Dover Hospital Fete, in Pencester Gardens, on 23rd and
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 22 March, 1935. Price 1½d.
The licence of the "Walmer Castle," Dover was granted as occasional
licence to sell in the marquee at Knowlton, from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. on the
occasion of the West Street Point to Point Races, on Saturday, March 23rd.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 3
WINGHAM PETTY SESSIONS
The license of the "Walmer Castle," Dover, was granted an occasional
licence to serve in a tent at Knowlton Park from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. on April
9th, on the occasion of the Royal Marines' regimental point-to-point
SYMPSON Elizabeth 1826
WILLIAMS Joseph Robert 1840-50+
GEORGE William 1854-58+ (Eating
RAY John 1861-July/67 dec'd
RAY Mrs Jane July/1867+
PHIPPS John 1874
PHIPPS Mrs 1874 (Walmer Castle Hotel)
WHITING Mrs Ann 1874
HAMBROOK Duboyce Aug/1874-82+
OVENDEN William 1885+
WRIGHT William Henry 1885
KILBY Alfred 1891
ELPHINSTONE Alfred (Eli)
NEWMAN Mr A T Sept/1904-Dec/13
Victualler of Folkestone)
JOLLY Henry Dec/1913-Feb/17
WOOD Mr G P Feb/1917 temporary transfer (manager for Leney & Co)
LEWIS David 1917-22+
DAWSON R E 1924
WOOD George Henry 1925-30+
Dover Licensed Victuallers' Manager Apr/1932+
EVANS F 1932+
HEMSLEY Raymond 1937-38+
HENDY Fred William 1941
FULLAGAR A F 1948-53
COPLEY Ernest Leo 1951?-59
From the Pigot's Directory 1840
From Bagshaw Directory 1847
From the Post Office Directory 1882
From the Post Office Directory 1891
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1895
From the Kelly's Directory 1899
From the Post Office Directory 1901
From the Post Office Directory 1903
From the Post Office Directory 1922
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1923
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1924
From the Post Office Directory 1930
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1932-33
From the Post Office Directory 1938
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1938-39
From Pikes Dover Blue Book 1948-49
From the Kelly's Directory 1950
From the Kelly's Directory 1953
From the Kelly's Directory 1956
From the Dover Express
From the Dover Telegraph