From the Dover Express and East Kent News, 17 April, 1908.
INTERESTING CASE STUDY
An interesting prosecution case comes before the Magistrates this
morning, Thursday. Mr. Ryder, landlord of the Wellington Inn, being
summoned for selling what is known as "two's of ale" i.e. 2d. of ale,
which is one third of a quart. A short time ago the following notice was
BOROUGH OF DOVER
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
To Hotel Keepers, Publicans, and others.
Take notice that you are required by the Weights and Measures Act,
1878, and 1889, to have all
GLASSES, MUGS, POTS, ETC.
representing Imperial Measure, in your possession for use in Trade,
stamped with the Regulation Stamp of this Borough.
Day or verification and stamping, Thursday, from 2 to 4 p.m. at the
Office, Town Hall.
CHAS H. CROMWELL MARSH
Inspector of Weights and Measures.
Note: Extract from Licensing Act, 1872, 35 and 36 Vict, ch. 94, sec.
8: "Every person shall sell all intoxicating liquor which is sold by
retail and not in cask or bottle, and is not sold in a quantity less
than half a pint, in measures marked according to the Imperial
Standards. Every person who acts, or suffers any person under his
control, or in his employment to act in contravention of this section,
shall be liable to a penalty, not exceeding for the first offence £10,
and not exceeding for any subsequent offence £20, and shall also be
liable to forfeit the illegal measure in which the liquid was sold."
Extract from Weights and Measures Act, 1878, Sec 24: "Every person
who uses or has in his possession for use for trade a weight or measure
which is not of the denomination of some Board of Trade standard, shall
be liable to a fine not exceeding £5, in in case of a second offence
£10, and the weight or measure shall be liable to be forfeited."
The Dover Licensed Victuallers Protection Society afterwards issued a
warning stating that they would not defend any summons taken in respect
to the notice. It might be said that "two's of ale," the moderate
drinkers drink, has been an institution in Dover for many years. In
reference to the sale or ale in a vessel not used as a measure, the
following appears in the Licensed Victuallers Official Annual: "Vessels
not used in Measures - Many years ago a notion got abroad that all
vessels used by an inn-keeper in his business were compelled to be
stamped standard measure; all others, no matter for what purpose use,
were in the language of an ancient Act, "damned and broken." In
Lancashire officials went about and swept off the shelves every glass
and pot that was not stamped. The innkeepers were fined and all the
glasses forfeited. For the express purpose of stopping the absurd
procedure. Clause 22 was inserted in the Weights and Measures Act, 1878,
in the words: "Nothing in this Act shall prevent the sale, or subject
the person to a fine under this Act for the sale of any article in any
vessel, when such vessel is not represented as containing any amount of
imperial measure, nor subject a person to a fine under this Act for the
possession of a vessel when it is shown that such vessel is not used or
intended for use as a measure. Bellamy v. Pow, 12 T.L.R. 527."
A full report of the case will appear in our Second Edition.
From the Dover Express and East Kent News, 1 May, 1908.
THE LICENSED VICTUALLERS SPLIT
A NEW TRADE DEFENCE ASSOCIATION
"TWO OF ALE" PETITION
The new Dover and District Licensed Victuallers 'Defence Society',
which owes its birth to the recent "two of ale" prosecution, now claims
some fifty members, many of whom succeeded from the original
Association. Meetings are held fortnightly, and at least one, on
Wednesday, many new members joined. Mr. Gardner, of the "Swan
Hotel", is Chairman of the Society; Mr. Holmans, of the "Rose
and Crown", vice-Chairman; and other officers are; Mr. Ryder, of the
"Wellington Hotel", Treasurer,
Mr. H. Sargeant, "Engineer", Folkestone
Road, Secretary, Messrs. J. Baker and G. W. Packham, Auditors. The
Committee consists of Messrs. J. Brown ("Prince
Alfred"), L. H. Burton ("Ancient
Druids"), H. Butcher ("Boar's Head"),
J. Cone ("Prince Louis"), W. Croucher
("Cherry Tree"), J. Dolbear ("Plough"),
J. Easby ("Mason's Arms"), and J. A.
Potts ("Star"). The
subscription to the Society is 6d. weekly. No brewer or brewers'
representative is eligible for membership, and there are no hon.
members. The Society organised the petition and deputation to the Watch
Committee on the "two of ales" question on Tuesday, with the object of
trying to induce them to take no further steps under the Act which
pronounced this popular measure to be illegal. The deputation, which
consisted of the Chairman of the Society, Mr. Gardner, who acted as
spokesman, Messrs Burton, Baker, Dolbear, and Packham, of the Committee,
were backed up by a petition bearing 3,000 signatures.