Sort file:- Dover, July, 2020.

Page Updated:- Wednesday, 22 July, 2020.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Barry Smith and Paul Skelton

Earliest 1859

Cambridge Arms

Latest 1870

Adrian Street



This would be the top house on your left moving towards the sixty four steps.


In my notes I see that I have tentatively pencilled in number 27. The address of the "Cambridge Music Hall" and the "Cambridge Hall" were also Adrian Street so I guess one and the same. The six day licence was forfeited in 1870 following a conviction for Sunday trading.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 20 August, 1859.


Daniel Maloney was charged with being drunk and assaulting James Cayford, landlord of the "Cambridge Arms," Adrian Street, and Police-constable Williams whilst in the execution of his duty.

James Cayford siad: I am landlord of the "Cambridge Arms," Adrian Street, and on Saturday night last, about five minutes to eleven, defendant was in my house, and I went upstairs, where he was sitting, and asked him to go, as I wanted to put out the gas and close my house. He said, "All my beer is paid for, is it not?" I said, "Yes, but I merely want to close my house." He then got up and struck me in the eye. I then told him if he hit me again I should strike him with my stick. He then struck me again, and I went down stairs and called my wife. She then came up, and I went  down again and told the servant to fetch a picket. Shortly afterwards a policeman came, when I went up into the room and found defendant had gone.

Emma Page said: I am servant at the "Cambridge Arms." I saw the defendant there on Saturday night. He came in about half-past nine. I was in the same room with him when master came up and asked him to go, as he wished to put out the gas. I saw defendant strike master in the eye, he struck him twice, and I then called my mistress, and she came up and asked him what it was done for and then he struck her. Master then told me to go out and find a picket, which I did, and when I returned, I saw my mistress lying on the floor, and defendant beating her. I ran to the assistance of my mistress, and defendant slipped away.

Francis Crayfold deposed - Last night the defendant was in my house, but I was out when he first entered, and did not hear anything of him until my servant came and I said that a soldier had struck my husband. I then ran up stairs and saw my husband's eye bleeding, and I asked him why he did it, when he ran at me, struck me in the face, knocked me down and kicked me.

By the prisoner: I did not ask you whether you were going to bed, or whether you were going home.

Police-constable Williams said: On Saturday night last I was on duty in Snargate Street. I heard screaming and cries of murder, when I ran up Five Post Lane and met Police-constable Richards. We proceeded to the top of Adrian Street, and went into the "Cambridge Arms" and saw defendant standing at the door. When e were there the landlord and landlady came downstairs and appeared to be very much excited, and said, "Take tat man in custody, we give him in charge," and, on turning round, we saw the defendant had disappeared. Sergeant Geddes then came up, and we went to the Heights with another soldier, who was drunk, and on our return met defendant near "Cambridge Arms." When he saw us he ran off, and we pursued him and caught him at the top of Mr. Court's garden. As soon as we caught him he began kicking, and caused us a great deal of trouble in conveying him to the station-house.

The magistrates inflicted a fine of five shillings for the assault on the police-constable, and five shillings for the assault on the landlord, with costs; and in default of payment, to be committed to prison for fourteen days with hard labour.


Dover Express 24 November 1860.


"Cambridge Arms Inn," Adrian Street, Dover.

A Select Harmonic Meeting held at the above Inn, every Monday Evening. Chair to be taken at Nine o'clock. Violinist, Herr. J. Bocksehall.

Pianist, Herr. H. C. Verhorff. Sole Proprietor and Conductor, Mr. J. Cayford.


From the Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser, Saturday 17 August 1861.

An early visitor.

John Buckley, a private of the Buffs, whose excitement and language at first induced the magistrates to believe that he was intoxicated, and whose violence had been so threatening that the police had deemed it judicious to confine his wrists with "the bracelets," was charged with smashing a number of windows at the "Cambridge Arms," in Adrian Street, at the early hours of 5 in the morning. From the statement of James Cayford the landlord, (who was continuously interrupted and abused by the prisoner, while he was giving his evidence), it appeared that the soldier first visited the house about 2 in the morning, and kicked at the door so violently as to arouse the inmates and caused a landlord to come downstairs, where he demanded half a gallon of whisky. He was told to go away and come again at 6, when he would be served, and a policeman coming along and hearing the abuse and induced him to go to the bottom of the hill. A little before 5 o'clock Buckley returned and threatened to break in as he had once before done, (on which occasion he was removed by the picquet); he swore it was 6 o'clock and quite time for "the cow to be at home." The landlord still refusing to open the door, and then the prisoner commenced pelting the windows with brickbats, and did damaged to the extent of half a crown. When complainant had got downstairs to him, defendant ran away, but he was stopped by two policemen, who had been watching him at some little distance.

Defendant declared that complainant his Irish prejudices, and gave a specimen of the "choice English" which had passed during the disturbance.

He was ordered to pay the amount of damage, and 5s. costs, and in default was committed to 14 days.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 13 August, 1864.


Elizabeth Finlayson, an unfortunate, who had appeared before the Bench on several occasions for drunkenness, was now charged with felony.

Elizabeth Arnold, house keeper to Mr. Cayford, landlord of the "Cambridge Arms" said that on the previous night, about half-past ten, defendant came to the "Cambridge Arms." Mr. Cayford ordered her away, but she would not go, and he (witness) then went to her and placed her hand on her shoulder and asked her quietly to go out. Prisoner immediately assaulted her and tore her dress, taking nearly one half of the dress - that part containing her pocket - with her outside of the house. Prisoner also broke several panes of glass. She (witness) immediately went upstairs and changed her dress. At the time she did not notice that her pocket had been taken. It contained 14s. in silver, and a tradesman's bill. Shortly after eleven o'clock the waiter came to her and asked her if she had lost any money, and she then went upstairs and discovered that her pocket was gone.

John Hedgecock, a lad 17 years of age, having been sworn, said he was a labourer and lived opposite the "Cambridge Arms," in Adrian Street. About twenty minutes to eleven he was standing at the front door. Several other inhabitants were standing by their doors also. Prisoner came out of the "Cambridge Arms," and stopped about two yards from where he was standing. She had in her hand a large piece of stuff corresponding to the piece of print dress, which she flourished about, saying that she had "her dress and her money as well." he heard some money rattle when she shook the piece of dress about, shortly after which she saw her take some silver out of a pocket in the dress and place it in her bosom. Prisoner then went away towards the New Cemetery.

Mr. Back: How could you see that the money was silver?

Witness: There was a gas lamp not more than six yards off.

Mr. Back: Was anyone else with you at the time?

Witness: My sister came to the door several times, but she did not see all that transpired.

The prosecutrix applied for the case to be remanded, as she believed she would be able to trace the property, and the Magistrates, after a short consultation, remanded prisoner till Friday (yesterday).

The prisoner, who had sobbed convulsively throughout the proceedings, was then about to be removed, but she was found to have swooned, and was obliged to be carried out of Court by two constables.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 14 June, 1867.


Valentine Martin, a soldier in the 17th, was charged with intent to steal one bottle of whiskey, value 4s., and one bottle of cloves, value 3s. from the "Cambridge Arms."

Elizabeth Bailey deposed: I live at the "Cambridge Arms," Adrian Street. I am housekeeper there for the landlord, Mr. Crayford. Yesterday about twenty minutes to one in the afternoon prisoner came into the house with several other soldiers. They asked for dinner and I gave them some and left them in the room. I went upstairs, having first locked the bar door. About five minutes afterwards I thought I heard someone at the bar door. Prisoner was standing inside the bar with a bottle of cloves in his hand. The door was open. The bottle of cloves is worth 3s. It is the one produced. He said he was going to treat his comrades with some gin. He said he got through the door into the bar. He went out and I then missed the bottle now produced which then contained whiskey. He returned to his comrades .I saw him put the whiskey bottle missed by me at the same time under the seat. I asked him to give it to me, but he refused. I saw him as I went in with a tumbler of whiskey in one hand and the bottle produced in the other. The value of the whiskey is 4s. Both bottles were taken from the shelf in the bar. One of the prisoner's comrades said he would pay for it and offered me sixpence, which I refused. Some of them then left the house. I have been in Mr. Crayford's service seven years. I then sent for a policeman. prisoner appeared to have been drinking when he came into the house. Neither of them paid for the gin or cloves before leaving.

By prisoner: I saw you with the whiskey bottle in your hand. I did not serve you with three half gallons of beer.

By the Bench: They paid for the steak and the beer.

Police-constable George Raymond deposed: About half-past one yesterday afternoon I was sent for to the "Cambridge Arms," Adrian Street. When I got there the prisoner and six or seven others were there drunk and fighting. The last witness pointed the prisoner out and said she wished to give him in custody for taking a bottle of cloves and one of whiskey. The men were then in the house. I asked prisoner if he intended to pay for it. His companion came up, and said prisoner would pay for it. Prisoner denied all knowledge of it, and said the last witness would "swear his life away." They were all very drunk. With assistance prisoner was taken to the police-station, resisting very much. When we had proceeded about half way, the other soldiers went away. On the charge being read over at the police-station, the prisoner said he knew nothing about the whiskey.

The Magistrates did not consider that the prisoner took the liquor with a felonious intent, seeing that he was drunk at the time, and therefore discharged him, telling the first witness that she should be more careful about supplying people who were already partially intoxicated.


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 8 November, 1867.


On Monday evening last an inquest was held at Mr. Birch's the "Flying Horse," King Street, on the body of James Cayford. The jury, of whom Mr. B. A. Igglesford was foreman, having viewed the body, the following evidence was taken:-

Private Charles Arnold, of the Military Trains, deposed:- I am stationed at Woolwich, I am half-brother of the deceased. His age was 35 years. He was landlord of the "Cambridge Arms," Adrian Street, and he'd been so for some years - about six or eight years. He was rather inclined to drinking. I have been in Dover for three weeks, and lodged at the "Cambridge Arms." During the past few days deceased gave way rather more to drink. On Sunday evening I was out in his company, from four o'clock until a little past seven o'clock, when we both returned home together. Deceased went upstairs to bed, and was trying to come down the stairs again, when he fell. I heard him fall. He fell down one flight of stairs. I went to his assistance, and helped to carry him to bed. I insisted on his going to bed. I think that would be between eleven and twelve o'clock. He was put to bed. There were two or three women in the house who also assisted to do so. They were women who lived in the house to wait upon customers. I did not observe that deceased had hurt himself at all. I did not see any marks of injury on him at all. He usually drank raw gin. He was not violently drunk but he had drunk "as much as he could manage." I do not know whether the fall caused his death. We called in at about three public-houses while out in the afternoon; and drank spirits during that time. He seemed to be "all right" while he was out, and just managed to get home. Deceased was rather a delicate man, and had been much troubled with gout "all over him."

By the foreman: Deceased did not complain of any bruise.

Eliza Bailey, housekeeper of the deceased, deposed: I have lived at the "Cambridge Arms" nearly eight years. The deceased was landlord during that time. He was a very excitable man, especially if he had taken anything to drink. During the past fortnight he had drank heavily. His brother (the last witness) had lately returned from New Zealand, and I think that excited him a great deal. Deceased generally supplied himself with liquor. It was past twelve o'clock on Sunday night when we managed to get him upstairs to bed. He had fallen down twice before that time. I was in the kitchen when I heard something fall down stairs. I went to see, and found the deceased lying at the foot of the stairs on the landing. His head was downwards and his legs on the stairs. I called for assistance, and his brother and two lodgers came up. We carried him upstairs and laid him on the bed. He was then quite sensible, and asked me for his night-shirt. There was blood coming, I think, from his ear, and I bathed him with cold water. He asked several times for his brother Charles and I persuaded his brother to sleep with him. I remained in the room, and sat by the other side of his bed, next the deceased. I was attending to him until about four o'clock in the morning, when I lay down and went to sleep. I slept until a quarter to eight o'clock, and when I awoke he was dead. His hand was in mine, and it was quite cold. I did not perceive any struggling during the night. The only difference was that one of his legs was off the bed. His brother was still asleep. I had had a very small quantity to drink in the afternoon up to about seven o'clock, but not enough to intoxicate me. Deceased had been drinking both gin and whisky, generally raw, during the afternoon and evening. I had seen him many times before in a senseless state from drink, and had on those occasions bathed his face. I thought it was the same on Sunday night, and used the same remedy; and while I was bathing his face he asked my why I was doing so, and also spoke sensibly to me otherwise. Those were about the last words I heard him speak.

Mr. John Walter, surgeon, deposed: This (Monday) morning, a little before nine o'clock, I was called to see James Cayford. I went immediately and found him in bed. He was partly undressed, and quite dead. There were marks on the arms, which had been caused when moving him, and marks of blood on the pillow from the right ear. There were no other marks of violence on the body. He had, I suppose, been dead two or three hours at the least. Deceased death was no doubt caused by fractures at the base of the skull. That is my opinion from the blood issuing from the ear, and from the evidence I have heard.

The Jury asked if it was probable there had been any neglect in not sending for a doctor.

Mr. Walter said if they had done so, it would not have been of any use; and the people of the house had so frequently seen deceased in the same state that they thought there was no danger.

Police-sergeant Stevens also said that after he fell down the stairs deceased would up the clock, and also made some remarks about getting up early.

The Coroner briefly summed up and the Jury returned a verdict of "Accidental death."


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 8 November, 1867.


George Burnett, of the "Cambridge Hall," applied for a license for the "Mogul Tavern," which had been shut up for some time, and he also asked that the name should be changed to the "Bell and Lion."

The Magistrates granted both applications.

The license of the "Cambridge Hall" was next transferred from George Burnett to Robert Gurnett Taylor.


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 27 December, 1867.


A second inquest was held on Tuesday afternoon, at the "Union Tavern," before the Borough coroner, W. H. Payn, Esq., upon the body of Richard Bailey, which had been recovered from Dover Harbour the same morning. Mr. Alfred Haynes was chosen foreman. Robert John Bailey sworn: I am the brother of the deceased, Richard Bailey, and reside at Buckland. He was a fisherman, and resided at Ringwould. The last time I saw him alive was about five weeks since, he was then fishing, and his lugger was lying in the harbour, near the Esplanade Quay. I afterwards heard that he was at the "Cambridge Arms," Adrian Street. I have not seen him since. He was a very steady man, unmarried, and 23 years of age.

George Edward Pilcher: I am a police-constable of Dover. On Saturday morning, about a month of five weeks ago, I was on duty in Adrian Street and saw a person coming down the street, whom I believe to have been the deceased. He was leaving the "Cambridge Arms," and asked me the way back to the harbour. I took him with me as far as Five Post Lane, and directed him which way to go. He thanked me, and I saw nothing more of him. The man then appeared to have been drinking, but I did not think he was drunk. I have since seen the body of the deceased, and believe it to be that of the same man.

Edward Mummery: I am a labourer, living in Dover. This morning, about a quarter-past seven, I was going to work on Palmerston Bridge, and saw what appeared to be a body floating inside the flood-gates. I examined it more closely, and on becoming aware that it was the body of a man I got into a boat and went to the body, which with assistance I got out of the water and conveyed to the steps, where it was landed. I then gave information to the police, and the body was removed to the dead-house. I saw no marks of violence on the body.

James Campany deposed: I am a constable of the Borough police force. Early this morning I received information of the body of the deceased having been taken from the harbour. I at once obtained a stretcher and conveyed it to the dead-house. On searching the body, I found no marks of violence. In the deceased's pockets I found 2s. 3d. in money, two pocket knives, a tobacco pouch, and a comb.

The jury returned a verdict of "Found Drowned."


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 10 April, 1868.


John Newman, a middle-aged man of rough and dirty appearance, was charged with disorderly conduct and wilfully breaking a pane of glass, value 1s. at the "Cambridge Hall," in Adrian Street, in the occupation of Robert Grant Taylor.

Mr. Taylor said he was the landlord of the "Cambridge Hall." The defendant came into the house a little after nine o'clock on the previous night, and asked to be supplied with some beer. The barmaid declined to serve him, when he seized hold of her by the throat in a ruffianly manner and gave her a blow on the side of the head which knocked her down. Witness was standing at the bar and saw the occurrence, and immediately went up to the defendant and told him he must leave the house. He declined to go, and witness then took hold of him, and put him out by force. He then looked about the road for stones, and as he could not find any, he tore down part of the Government fence near the "Cambridge Hall" and tried to strike witness with it. He then went away towards the Sixty-four steps, threatening that he would break witness's windows. A constable then came up and offered his assistance, but witness told him he did not want to give the defendant into custody if he did no damage. Meantime the defendant had got some stones, and as he was coming towards the house he threw one at a bedroom window, and broke a square of glass. Witness then sent to the police-station for assistance, and endeavoured to secure the defendant. A scuffle took place, and the defendant got away, and ran towards Five Post Lane, but witness followed him till he found a policeman, and he then gave the defendant in charge. In the scuffle the defendant tore witness's shirt, and hit him in the mouth.

By the Magistrates: The barmaid refused to serve the defendant with beer because he was drunk.

William Hogwood, a lad in Mr. Taylor's employ, corroborated his master's testimony. He saw the defendant pull down part of the fence and try and strike Mr. Taylor over the head with it, and he also saw the defendant break the window.

Superintendent Coram, in reply to the Magistrates, said the defendant had been several times in custody, and had been previously convicted.

The Magistrates considered the case such a bad one that they would not be doing their duty by giving the defendant the option of paying a fine. They would therefore abstain from inflicting any money penalty, but would send the defendant to Wandsworth House of Correction for three weeks.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 15 October, 1869.


Ann Golder, a girl of the town, was charged with stealing two sovereigns and a half sovereign, from a farm labourer named James Friend, at the "Cambridge Music Hall," Adrian Street, on Saturday night.

Jamed Friend said he lived at Ewell, and was a labourer. He was at the "Cambridge Hall" on Saturday night  about twelve o'clock. He was not sober. He was there about an hour, and left a little after twelve. He was in the company of the prisoner while at the house. Witness had some money in his pockets - twp sovereigns and a half sovereign, wrapped up in a piece of paper in his right hand pocket, and 4s. 6d. in a purse in his left hand pocket. Witness knew the money was safe before he was in the prisoner's company, as he had his hand in his pocket. While he was with the prisoner he felt her hand coming out of his right hand pocket. He tried to grasp her hand, but did not succeed. He then put his hand into his pocket to see if his money was safe, and he found that it was gone. He immediately accused the prisoner of taking the money; but she said she had not got it. He told her if she would give him the money he would stand half a pint of rum. They then had a few words and the landlord came up. He informed the landlord that the prisoner had taken the money, and the landlord told witness that if she did not leave the room at once he would put him downstairs. The landlord would not let the woman come out, but went downstairs. While the landlord was downstairs he (witness) kept asking the prisoner for the money, but she persisted that she had not got it. When the landlord again came upstairs he tried to get witness downstairs, and the man who was in one of the beds in the room got up and struck witness in the face. The man and the landlord then put witness downstairs and also put him out of the door into the street. Witness then went and gave information to the police.

By the Bench: I paid for what I had to drink. The prisoner and I drank half a pint of rum. I did not show my money to anybody in the house. I know the prisoner, because she used to live at Lydden, near where I reside.

Police-constable Sabin said his attention was called by Police-constable Bowles and the complainant, who stated that he had been robbed , and he reported the case to the Superintendent. The Superintendent ordered him to go with the witness to the public-house. he went to the "Cambridge Mucis Hall," and asked the landlord if he had a girl named Golder living there, and he replied that he had. He went with the landlord into the room  where the prisoner was, and told her to get up and dress herself, which she did. Witness then told her he should take her into custody for robbing the complainant. The prisoner denied the charge. he ordered the man and woman who were in the same room to get up. They did so, and he then searched the room. The landlord of the house and Police-constable Bowles were present, and assisted in the search; but the money could not be found. The prisoner was searched at the police-station, but no money was found upon her. In reply to the charge, she denied any knowledge of the money, although she admitted that the complainant had been in her company.

By the Bench: The complainant was very drunk when I first saw him, but he afterwards got more sober. I had not seen the other man before. The complainant and I went to some other public-houses before going to the "Cambridge Hall."

The Magistrates gave the prisoner the benefit of the doubt which evidently existed, and discharged her.

The landlord of the "Cambridge Music Hall" was called before the Bench, and was informed that he would be proceeded against on a charge of harbouring prostitutes in his house, and the summons, which was forthwith issued, was made returnable on Friday (this day).



The landlord of the "Cambridge Music Hall" was summoned for keeping a disorderly house, and was fined 1, and the costs.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 4 November, 1870.


John Weatherhead, landlord of the “Cambridge Arms,” was summoned, charged with having in his possession a flannel shirt, value 6d., on the 25th Oct., the property of her Majesty's 97th Earl of Ulster's Regiment, quartered at the Grand Shaft Barracks, Western Heights, Dover, and not being able to give a satisfactory account of the same.

The defendant did not put in his appearance; but he was represented by his wife.

John Robertson said he was a corporal in the 97thRegiment, quartered in Dover. From information he received he went to the “Cambridge Arms” on the 25th Oct., which house is kept by the defendant. He saw a person whom he supposed to be the landlord. He was accompanied by Barnard, the private to whom the shirt belongs, and the shirt was handed by the landlady to Barnard. It was marked with Barnard's regimental number. He had not been to that house since. The value of the shirt is 6d. The shirt had been made away with again since then, and Barnard was now under Court Martial on the charge. The shirt had not since been recovered. The landlady obtained the shirt from an adjoining room.

The Magistrates adjourned the further hearing of the case till Monday next, in order that the defendant might put in his appearance, and also that search might be made for the shirt. The corporal was also instructed to have the prisoner Barnard present on that day.



CAYFORD James 1859-67 dec'd Dover Express

BURNETT George  Nov/1867 end (Cambridge Hall) Next pub licensee had (I am assuming the "Cambridge Hall" was indeed this same establishment and that George Burnett temporarily took over after the death of James Cayford.) Dover Express

TAYLOR Robert Grant Nov/1867-68+ Dover Express

MAPLE Edward 1869 end

WEATHERHEAD John 1869-70 Dover Express

TAYLOR Robert Grant Sept/1870+ ?


Dover ExpressFrom the Dover Express


If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-