Page Updated:- Sunday, 17 October, 2021.


Earliest 1840-

Three Horse Shoes

Latest 1944



Three Horse Shoes

Above photo pre 1944. Kindly supplied by Mike Caldwell.

Three Horseshoes

Above photo, pre 1944, kindly sent by Mike and Linda Newton.

Three Horseshoes 1944

Above photo, circa 1944, showing the war damage, kindly sent by Mike and Linda Newton.

Three Horseshoes at Hougham
Three Horseshoes at Hougham 2007

The above two photographs show what the pub used to be like and the area the pub once stood in as seen in 2007.

Three Horseshoes footprint 2017

Above photo showing the foundations/footprint of the now demolished building. Kindly sent by Mike and Linda Newton.


This pub used to be a stones throw from the Church in Hougham, but unfortunately it was bombed during the second world war and nothing remains of it now.


From the Dover Telegraph, 20 June 1840.


On Tuesday afternoon a tragical and occurrence too place at Hougham, which caused an almost unequalled sensation in this locality. About three o'clock Mr. Ross, cutler, Dover, and Mr. Richard Winder, son of Mr. Winder, builder, also of Dover, went out rook shooting, when the gun of the former went off accidentally, and killed the latter on the spot. The parties were preceding through a wood, close to each other, Winder taking the lead, and Ross following him carrying his gun loaded, when he stumbled, and a twig caught the trigger of his piece, which went off, lodging its contents in Winder's right shoulder and the unfortunate young man was almost instantly a corpse. Immediately on the occurrence of the accident Ross ran for assistance, and having met some countrymen he endeavoured to lead them to the place where his lifeless companion lay; but such was his consternation that it was upwards of an hour before they reached the fateful spot. On the body being found it was conveyed to the Three Horse Shoes public-house, Hougham, to await a Coroner's inquest. The deceased was a very fine young man, about five and twenty, and had been married not more than eight months. Mr. Ross is also a very respectful tradesmen, somewhat elder than deceased. Ever since the lamented occurrence Mr. Ross has been in a state of mind hardly to be described. The fatal event has caused the greatest concern in this town generally, and, as may well be supposed, the utmost distress to the bereaved widow and family of the deceased.


The inquest was held on Wednesday on the body before T. J. De Lassaux, Coroner for the County, and a jury consisting of the following persons:- Messers, R Rutley, R Marsh, jun., R Coleman, E. Smithers, J. Fagg, H. Hobbs, H. Horton, J. Horton, I. Horton, W. Bromley, D. Tapley, R. Boyce, and W. Woodcock, R. Coleman, Foreman.

Richard Palmer, labourer, of Hougham, said that he went with Ross, and after a search of nearly two hours they found the deceased laying against a tree, on his left side, quite dead. Both guns were laying by the side of the deceased, but only one was discharged.

John Standen, of Dover, physician, deposed that, on Tuesday afternoon at Elms Wood, he found deceased quite dead, and ordered the body to be taken to the Three Horse Shoes where he examined it, and found a gun-shot wound just under the right shoulder. The whole charge must have entered the wound, and death must have been almost instantaneous. The gun must have been very close to deceased.

Mr. Ross, on being called, was cautioned by the Coroner, that, as he could not be sworn as a witness, he need not say anything unless he chose, as what he said would be take down and might be used as evidence against him. Mr. Ross, however, expressed a wish to give all the information he could. He then said, yesterday afternoon the deceased called on me and wished me to accompany him to try a gun he was about to purchase of me. We went to the bottom of Stepping Down, when he went along the top of the hill, and wished me to go along the bottom, and meet him at Elm Wood, which I did. He then said there were no more rooks or jackdaws in the wood, and proposed crossing over to Farthingloe wood. Before entering the wood, deceased gun was cocked which I told him as very dangerous, and he put both hammers down. I am quite positive that neither of the barrels were cocked. We then entered the wood, which was very thick, and I followed close behind deceased. After we had proceeded about 20 yards, I stumbled over the root of a tree, and just as I was rising my gun went off close to me cheek, which was burnt. At the same moment I heard a dreadful shriek and running to the deceased, who was just before me, I asked him if he was shot. His only reply was, "Oh! my back - my back." I saw a wound under the blade bone of the right shoulder, from which blood was just issuing. I immediately tied my handkerchief round the wound, and he fell senseless in my arms; and, thinking he had fainted, I held him against a tree, and ran for assistance. I found the witness Palmer, and returned with him to search for the deceased.

The Coroner then observed that from the evidence there was no proof how the deceased came by his death; but fortunately Mr. Ross had voluntarily come forward, and, from the blood and distinct statement, there could be no doubt that it had been caused by a most unfortunate accident, which every one must deplore, and no one more than the unfortunate cause of it, on whom, however, he must observe there could be not attached the slightest blame. In fact, he had cautioned his unfortunate companion, before entering the wood.

The Jury, without hesitation, returned a verdict of "Accidental Death" with a nominal deodand of one shilling on the gun.


Deodand is a thing forfeited or given to God, specifically, in law, an object or instrument which becomes forfeit because it has caused a person's death.


Dover Express, Friday 1 October 1875.

Sad death at Hougham.

On Tuesday evening and aged man named William Hatton went from Mr. Kingsford's Brewery to take to barrels of beer, in a cart, to Hougham. He went along the Elms Road and turning up the hill to Hougham the horse fell down, and it seems the old man got underneath the animal and was killed by a knock on the head. The old man's skull was fractured, therefore, it is hoped that his sufferings were not long, but being in an unfrequented road no one passed until more than 12 hours after, when Mr. Edward Robinson came by in the morning. The old man was then dead, and the horse was lying under the load unable to move. The body was conveyed to the "Three Horseshoes" at Hougham, where an inquest was held by Mr. T. T. Delasaux, coroner, and a jury, of which Mr. G. Pepper was the foreman.

Mr. May, a gardener in the employ of the Rev. Mr. Maloney, said he saw the deceased from Elms farm on the previous evening at 5 o'clock, which was the last time he was seen alive. He was then going up the lane towards Hougham.

Mr. Henry Marsh, the next witness said that from information he received he went up the lane at 6:30 on Wednesday morning and found the cart turned over and the horse lying on his side unable to rise. The deceased was under the cart quite dead, and there was a deep wound over his left eye.

Mr. Edward Pittock, foreman for Mr. Kingswood, said the deceased left the brewery at 4 o'clock. He had not returned at 6 o'clock and a light was left in a stable for him.

Dr. Long said he had examined the body and had found a cut over the left eye, and the skull was fractured. Also one thigh was broken in two places.

The Jury returned the following verdict:- That William Hatton, age 63, brewer's labourer was accidentally killed by the overturning of a cart, laden with two barrels of beer.

Instructing Constable Jessop had charge of the inquest.


From the Dover Express and East Kent Intelligencer, 20 May, 1881. Price 1d.


Mr. Coleman applied for the transfer of the license of the "Three Horse Shoes" at Hougham to Mr. Thomas Allwood, of Sheerness. The Bench granted the application as the character was satisfactory.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday 1 May, 1885. Price 1d.


Stephen Hubbard, a waggoner, of Capel, was charged with stealing a watch, value 20s., the property of James Constable.

The prosecutor, a farmer at Capel, said: This man has been in my employ since two days before Christmas as a waggoner. He liven on my premises and he has had no “time” to get up by, I lent him the watch produced; and he has had it ever since. There was nothing said about returning the watch at any particular time, but it was an understood thing that if he should leave it was to be given up to me. I saw the watch in his possession from time to time, but I gave him at no time any permission to make off with it. My agreement with him was that he was to have 11 10s. from the Christmas until the next Michaelmas. I never intended to give the watch as part of his wages. Shortly after dinner time yesterday week, I saw him leave the farm, and go into the main road. Bring Sunday there was nothing to do, and he could go where he liked; but he did not tell me he was not coming back again. On this last Sunday morning I found him lying across the horses' meat in the stables, and I woke him up, and told him I wanted to know what he had to say for himself. He replied that he had nothing particular to say. I asked him where my watch was, and he said it was across Church Hougham. I told him I could do as well without him as with him, and that he had better get what belonged to him and walk off my premises. I also told him that he could make his claim for wages, and I would pay him. He then left the place. On the same day I got a warrant for his apprehension for stealing the watch, which I valued at 20s.

Elizabeth Stokes, the wife of Thomas S. Stokes, the landlord of the “Three Horse Shoes,” at Church Hougham, said: On Sunday week, at night time, the prisoner came to our house. He went away at closing time, but came between seven and eight o'clock in the morning. He had a half-gallon of beer on the previous night which he had not paid for, and my husband refused to let him get any further in debt. My husband went to work in the garden, and Hubbard then asked me to serve him. I declined to do so, and he said, “You are afraid I won't pay you; get us another pot, I shall pay all right. I have got plenty of money to come when I get back to Constable's. I have been there since Christmas, but have had no money but 5s.” He then asked my husband to lend him a few shillings on a watch, and after a while, as he said he should get some money to repay him, my husband let him have 5s. on it. From the money he paid his debt. He came back the next day, and in all borrowed 12s. on the watch. On Wednesday he was at the house and treated some strangers. My husband and the prisoner have worked together on a farm, and therefore knew each other, but I did not know him. The man spent a lot of money in our house on drink, bread and butter, an egg, and some tobacco.

The Bench remanded the prisoner until the 7th of May, at the Wingham Petty Sessions.


Dover Express, Friday 21 October 1904.


The licence of the "Three Horseshoes," Hougham, was transferred from A. G. Ottaway to George Philpott, of the "William and Albert," Dover.


From the Dover Express and East Kent News, 21 Amy, 1909.


At the Dover Police Court yesterday, William Wright was summonsed for on April 11th, at Hougham, falsely represented himself to be a traveller at the "Three Horseshoes," and obtaining intoxicating liquor during prohibited hours on Sunday at 11.20.

The defendant pleaded guilty.

Mr. Green, landlord of the "Three Horseshoes," Hougham, said that the man said he was a traveller from the Pier. He admitted and served him.

Police-constable Ellis said that he visited the house and saw the defendant. His name and address were taken, and it was found that his home was under 2 miles from the public house.

A fine of 1/- and 8/- cost was inflicted.

Edward Brewer was summonsed for on Sunday, April 11th, being found in the "Three Horseshoes," Hougham, during the time the premises aught to have been closed, and giving a false address.

Police-sergeant Stevens said that at 11.30 on Sunday, April 11th, he visited the "Three Horseshoes," where he saw the defendant drinking beer. The defendant gave the name of Bird, Seven Star Street. Witness told him he thought that was false. He found that he lived in Adrian Street.

A fine of 1/- and 8/- costs were inflicted.


1939 register listing:

29 Sep 1939 James Henry Vidler bn 8 Mar 1895 a Motor Haulage Contractor Emma M bn (born) 15 Aug 1894 udd (unpaid domestic duties "wife") William J bn 9 Mar 1921 a Motor Lorry Driver Elizabeth M (Brazier) bn 30 Sep 1922 domestic service 1 closed record Samuel bn 12 Oct 1861 a Widower Retired General Labourer of The Three Horseshoes Public House, Church Hougham, Dover, Kent, England.



BRAZIER William 1847+ Bagshaw's Directory 1847

HALKE John 1858-61+ (also cordwainer age 34 in 1861Census) Melville's 1858

FINNIS William 1874+ Post Office Directory 1874

ALLWOOD Thomas May/1881-82+ Post Office Directory 1882

STOKES Thomas S 1885+ Dover Express

LINCOLN William Edward 1888-1903+ Next pub licensee had (age 41 in 1901Census) Kelly's 1899Post Office Directory 1903Kelly's 1903

OTTAWAY A T to Oct/1904 Dover Express

Last pub licensee had PHILPOTT George F Oct/1904-Jan/07 Dover Express

POTTER F Jan/1907+ Dover Express

GREEN Mr 1909+ Dover Express

FOX John Caleb 1911-Apr/21 (age 50 in 1911Census) Post Office Directory 1913Post Office Directory 1914Dover Express

BOARD/BEARD Gordon Ormondo Reginald Apr/1921-Jan/1924 Dover Express

CAPON Norris Edward Jan/1924+ Dover Express

HICKSON Perey John to Jan/1930 Dover Express

VIDLER James Henry Jan/1930-44 Dover ExpressKelly's 1934


Bagshaw's Directory 1847From Bagshaw Directory 1847

Melville's 1858From Melville's Directory 1858

Post Office Directory 1874From the Post Office Directory 1874

Post Office Directory 1882From the Post Office Directory 1882

Kelly's 1899From the Kelly's Directory 1899

Post Office Directory 1903From the Post Office Directory 1901

Kelly's 1903From the Kelly's Directory 1903

Post Office Directory 1913From the Post Office Directory 1913

Post Office Directory 1914From the Post Office Directory 1914

Kelly's 1934From the Kelly's Directory 1934

Dover ExpressFrom the Dover Express


If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-