DOVER KENT ARCHIVES

Page Updated:- Tuesday, 17 August, 2021.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Paul Skelton

Earliest 1832-

(Name from)

White Hart

Latest 2000+

(Name to)

High Street

Greenhithe

White Hart 1700s

Above painting 1700s.

White Hart print

White Hart print, 1830 by Llwyd Roberts.

White Hart 1910

Above photo 1910.

White Hart

Above postcard, date unknown, showing the "White Hart" with the red roof, and beyond that the Roman Catholic Church.

White Hart 1930s

Above photo 1930s. Image Copyright David Milbank Challis.

White Hart 1974

Above photo, 1974. As of 2019 the old barge shown in the photo is still there. Image Copyright David Milbank Challis.

 

The premises started on back circa 1661 as the "King's Head" but changed to the "White Hart" between 1742 and 1832. It stayed with this name till 2000 and then became the "Sir John Franklin."

There used to be a public passageway to the left side of the pub which ran down to the tidal river foreshore between the public house and the side of the catholic church. This led to a public causeway and drawdock, that any vessel could be moored in the dock space.

This public causeway was originally where the public ferry landed on the Kent side of the river, it crossed the river from Thurrock and was traditionally the point where pilgrims from Essex and East Anglia crossed on their way to Canterbury. This unfortunately closed in the late 1970s when a new seawall brought about the loss of the public causeway known then as the Everard Drawdock, and access to and from the River by boat is now only possible for an hour or so either side of the high tide, which occurs twice daily.

The current (2012) publicans incorrectly suggest the causeway was not private or exclusive, and they originally wanted to rename the pub 'Allison's Bar' before reluctantly settling on the "Sir John Franklin."

In 1840, the pub was redesigned and built to face onto the Thames to service visiting boat crews.

 

It was reported that on 18th May, 1845 that Sir John Franklin spent the night at Greenhithe before embarking on what was to later become known as Franklin's Lost Expedition. The expedition set sail from Greenhithe, England, on the morning of 19th May 1845, with a crew of 24 officers and 110 men. The ships stopped briefly in Stromness Harbour in the Orkney Islands in northern Scotland, and from there sailed to Greenland with HMS Rattler and a transport ship, Barretto Junior.

In 1861, The Royal Thames Yacht Club Fleet was moored on the Thames at Greenhithe. Established in 1775, The Royal Thames Yacht Club (RTYC) is the oldest sailing club in the United Kingdom. The Royal Thames Yacht Club held its sailing races off Greenhithe, with the "White Hart" pub serving as its clubhouse.

Robert Falcon Scott, CVO (6 June 1868 – c. 29 March 1912) was a Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery Expedition, 1901–04, and the ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition, 1910–13. During this second venture, Scott led a party of five which reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912, only to find that they had been preceded by Roald Amundsen's Norwegian expedition. On their return journey, Scott and his four comrades all perished from a combination of exhaustion, starvation and extreme cold. On June 1, 1910, the Terra Nova was towed away from the South-West India Docks as cheering crowds stood by. Scott did not sail with the Terra Nova as he remained behind in an attempt to raise additional funding. Scott, with his wife, left the ship at Greenhithe, most likely coming ashore via the passageway by the "White Hart," where at some point he was presented two flags by the late Queen Alexandra, (the Queen's Mother) one flag to be planted at the farthest south attained while the second to be hoisted at the same spot and then brought back.

Records of that time showed the passageway also provided public access to the river and foreshore. This is why the flood defence wall which runs across the public passageway was designed to include a set of concrete steps in order retain public access to and from the River Thames on foot only. This is achieved by walking up, over and then down from the flood defence. This important aspect of the flood defence allows for free pedestrian access along the entire length of the public right of way from the High Street to and from the River to continue.

 

Project 2014 has been started to try and identify all the pubs that are and have ever been open in Kent. I have just added this pub to that list but your help is definitely needed regarding it's history.

As the information is found or sent to me, including photographs, it will be shown here.

Thanks for your co-operation.

 

South Eastern Gazette, Tuesday 29 May 1832.

Frightful Mortality.

On Monday last, the inhabitants of the little village of Greenhithe, in this County, was thrown into great consternation, in consequence of several persons being suddenly seized with a virulent complaint, which terminated their existence in a few hours. As many of the symptoms of the disorder bore some resemblance to those of the spasmodic cholera, the medical practitioners in that quarter rather prematurely declared it to be so; and the cases were, accordingly reported to the central board of health in London. Upon farther enquiry it was ascertained that the mortality had been caused by the individuals, who have come to an untimely end, partaking of periwinkles and a putrid state, which were brought to the village on the Saturday previous, and sold to the labouring classes that a very cheap rate. This shellfish is stated by medical writers to be extremely unwholesome; and, when putrid, to be poisonous. From Monday till Saturday, upwards of 70 persons have been attacked; and of that number we regret to say, but not less than 18 have died. We are assured, however, by respectable correspondent, that not one death has happened, except in the instant of those who had partaken of the periwinkles. In order to set the matter at rest, the rector, churchwardens, overseers and all the respectable inhabitants of the village have insisted that an enquiry should take place; and the coroner's inquest is to be held upon the body of one of the unfortunate men. The victims include men, women, and children of all ages; and it is unnecessary to add, that the unhappy occurrence has cast of deep gloom over the village.

 

The Cholera at Dartford.

We are sorry to announce the appearance of the Cholera at Dartford. The official reports from the council office, at Whitehall, of the 26th instance, state the number of new cases to be 9; the deaths, 4; recoveries 5, and the total deaths 9.

 

Chelmsford Chronicle, Friday 1 June 1832.

Motility at Greenhithe.

The official Cholera Returns continue to announce that the disease exists at Swanscombe and Greenhithe, but some of the London Papers deny the assertion, and states that the great number of deaths that have recently occurred at Greenhithe, were occasioned by person's eating periwinkles in a putrid state.

We have received the following communication upon the subject. The letter of our Correspondent is dated South Ockendon, the 27th May.

"For fear you should not have been correctly informed with regard to the number of deaths which have unfortunately taken place at Greenhithe, opposite the West Thurrock Ferry, the last few days, I write to inform you that in the period from last Monday afternoon up to last evening, 19 men, women, and children have died in consequence of partaking of periwinkles. It appears that the late in the evening of 18th, a boat of about 5 tons burthen dropped down to Greenhithe, having about 8 or 10 bushels of that shellfish not boiled. A man, who retails fish at Greenhithe, went off, and purchased two bushels, for which he gave for 4s. 6d. (the customary price being, as I am informed, from 8s. to 10s. per bushel.) Yesterday week, the 19th, he boiled them and sold a few in the afternoon of the same day, and the persons who partook of them were greatly affected, but not so much as to produce a fatal result, and most of the persons have recovered; of the purchases after that day many have died, and more are expected not to survive. The first person who was taken off was the wife of a waterman; she complained of being extremely ill at 11 on Monday, and was a corpse by 3 in the afternoon of the same day. A very fine healthy young man was a next to share the same fate. From the manner in which these person's have been affected, it was immediately rumoured that they had died of cholera, and other persons who were taken ill were treated accordingly, which treatment, I am informed, was not proper under the circumstances, but too many days had elapsed before the medical gentlemen were aware that the eating of periwinkles was the cause of this sad catastrophe. When the truth was known, strong emetics were resorted to, and had the desired effect, bringing the periwinkles off the stomach, swollen to a very large size. It was then decided upon to open some of the bodies of the deceased, when the only remaining substance of food discovered in the stomach was the noxious shellfish. Of the real facts of the case, I'm further sorry to observe, that the extent of this said business is not known. One person in the village purchased half a peck of the fish to send to some friends a few miles from Greenhithe, which caused the death of three persons in one house. There were two men and a boy on board the periwinkle boats, and it was supposed they have been to London, selling them as long as they could, when they proceeded downwards. Not a single person in the village, I believe, was unwell until the arrival of the fish."

The Maidstone Gazette referring to the melancholy subject, says. "In order to set a matter of all at rest, the rector, churchwardens, overseers, and all the respectable inhabitants of the village have insisted that an enquiry should take place; and the coroner's inquest is to be held upon the body of one of the unfortunate men. The victims include men, women, and children of all ages; and it is unnecessary to add, that the unhappy occurrence has cast a deep gloom over the village."

From the letter of our correspondent and other circumstances, we are inclined to consider that it has been brought into action by persons predisposed to the disease having eating the shellfish in an unwholesome state. It is a fact well known to medical men, that in many cases of cholera the latest disposition to the disease has been brought into sudden and active operation, by the eating heartily of fish. The Official Returns on Wednesday give three new cases and 3 deaths at Swanscombe and Greenhithe, on the 29th, and it is to be recollected that the first cases occurred so far back as a 19th, and it cannot be supposed any persons had for several days past ventured to partake of that, which is alleged to have caused so much mischief.
The Maidstone Gazette states, that the Cholera is at Dartford, and the official returns announced that it broke out at Bexley, a short distance from Dartford, on the 23rd.

 

From the South Eastern Gazette, Tuesday 5 June 1832.

Mortality at Greenhithe.

On Tuesday last, and inquest was held at the "White Hart," Greenhithe, on the bodies of William Scott West, and James Westbrook, who were supposed to have died in consequence of eating putrid periwinkles. The great mortality, which has taking place in this village, the particulars of which appeared in our last publication rendered this public enquiry essentially necessary, which was attended by some of the most respectable inhabitants of Greenhithe and the vicinity. Among persons present were, the Rev. Archdeacon King, Rev. Mr. Deacon, Rev. Mr. Otter, Capt. Hill, R. N. Rev. G. C Renouard &c. The Jury having been sworn in, Mr. Wilson, surgeon, in Greenhithe, was examined at considerable length. This gentleman stated that he had analysed the contents of the stomachs of the deceased, and of other persons who had suddenly expired, the result of which had led him to the conviction that they deaths have been caused by eating putrid periwinkles. The witness entered into some medical details in order to show that this shellfish, when in a putrid states, would destroy life. He also stated that no one had died but those who, it could be proved, have partaken of these periwinkles. A verdict to that effect was instantly returned. Immediately after the verdict was announced, several individuals, who had quitted the village, returned to it, and we are happy to say, that the alarm has has now completely subsided. The number of deaths has been 28, and about 70 persons have been attacked.

 

From a local paper April 1853.

White Hart Gaslight Meeting.

On Wednesday evening last a public meeting was held at the "White Hart Inn," James Harmer, Esq., (formerly an alderman of the city of London) in the Chair, for the purpose of considering the propriety of lighting the hamlet of Greenhithe and the village of Swanscombe with gas.

The great room was crowded with the chief gentry and principal inhabitants of the neighbourhood, amongst whom we noticed Messrs. Tannings, Fox, Vogan, Goodeve, Seccombe, West, and A. Hassell. The meeting was addressed by Alfred Russell, Esq., of Dartford, J. B. White, Samuel White, and John Smith, Esqrs., and Messrs. Cobham and Roberts.

It appeared from the speech of A. Russell, Esq., that the costs of the works would amount, including the purchase of the land, to about £2000, and that shares had already been offered to be taken to the amount of £2500. A question elicited the reply that about forty lights would be required to illuminate the darkness in which the inhabitants had “so long lain hid.” Mr. Mead, of the firm of Squire an Co., gas engineers, of the Borough, also attended, prepared to reply to such queries as should be put to him.

The meeting unanimously resolved that it was desirable to light the hamlet of Greenhithe with gas. And Mr. White stated that in Australia he had seen smaller places than Greenhithe, with less population, spring up into large towns almost as soon as a gasometer had been erected; and he had no doubt that their hamlet would soon become of more importance than hitherto. In this we agree, for it possesses every capability for improvement – a nice neighbourhood and great facility for travelling too and fro to the metropolis – a pier for the steam boats, and a station for the North Kent Railway.

The country around is most delightful and healthy. A question was put as to the cost of gas to the consumer, and it was answered 7s. per 1000 at first, and that as its use became extended and more gas was consumed, so the price would fall to 5s.

It was stated that the Northfleet company has made an offer to introduce gas, at once at 5s., but this offer was almost unhesitatingly declined, as the meeting considered that they should be better served by having works of their own; a resolution was consequently unanimously passed, that with a view to the attainment of the above most desirable object, and for the purpose of carrying the same into effect, James Harmer, J. B. White, sen., Fox, West, R. White, and Goodeve, Esqrs., be appointed a committee of management.

After a vote of thanks to Mr. Harmer, for his conduct in the chair, the meeting broke up. The next step will be, some ten days hence, to obtain the consent of a parish vestry, under the Act of Parliament.

 

From a local paper 1966.

A ghost road in Greenhithe.

Greenhithe High Street, once the heart of a busy and beautiful little village is rapidly turning into a ghost road. Shutters board the windows of the fish and chip shop and the café, and rubble marks where old cottages have been demolished.

Many of the old villagers have been moved out to states in Swanscombe, and no newcomers have come to take their place.

What is Greenhithe like to live in?

“It’s a dying community”, said Mr. Pat Fletcher, for 27 years landlord of the White Hart public house.

Pat Fletcher 1966

“When I first came here, we were often quite busy, and had a good local trade”, he said “Of course there were 50 more houses in the High Street then”. “Nowadays we have virtually no regular trade, and when there are no boats in the shipping yard business is really slack”. “The only busy day we’ve had recently was when the Queen visited H.M.S Worcester – nearly four years ago”.

Mr Fletcher’s view was confirmed by another old Greenhithe resident, Miss Doris Challis, who together with her three brothers has run a bakery for 50 years.

“There is no village spirit these days”, she said, “At one time there were whist drives every week, and the dances at the Village Hall were always packed”.

Challis is now the sole survivor of three bakers in the High Street. Miss Challis remembers when Greenhithe lived up to its name. “There was grass down to the river, and behind the White Hart was a yachting centre”, she recalled.

Greenhithe forms part of Swanscombe Urban District but residents in the High Street still like to think of it as a separate village.

“There definitely was a village atmosphere at one time”, said Mrs. D Carr who like her sister, Mrs E Presland was born in the village and has lived there all her life.

“There was a school in the Roman Catholic Church and it was a very pretty village”, she said.

Another lady who still thinks of Greenhithe as a separate village is Mrs. M Moss, who has run her newsagent’s business for 31 years.

“I certainly don’t consider Greenhithe as being part of Swanscombe”, she said, “but on the other hand there is no village community spirit left”.

There is a rumour in the village that a block of flats will be erected at the east end of the High Street on the site of an old house called The Eagles.

A Swanscombe Council spokesman confirmed that this was “a faint possibility”, but that the matter has not yet been put before the council. If the flats materialise then perhaps Greenhithe will be able to look forward to renewed life. Until then the High Street sleeps on.

White Hart 1966

From the Dartford Times, 7th Feb 1991.

Front Door at the Back.

Stories of ghost and spooks surround the borough’s only true Thames-side pub. Historians believe the "White Hart" in High Street, Greenhithe, dates back to 1799 and may have once been called The "King’s Head."

In 1840 it was also a ferry house with its own causeway into the river. The terrace, raised several feet above tidal defences, backs directly onto the river. Present owner Terrance Harris is not convinced about the legend. He said: “I have often heard people talking about ghosts in the pub but I have never seen any.” “People who have lived in the area for years say an old seaman who was a ship’s captain stalks the building.”

In 1845 Sir John Franklin stayed the night at the "White Hart" before launching an ill-fated expedition in search of the North West Passage. Old photographs reveal that what is now the back of the pub used to be its entrance.

Mr Harris, who has run the pub for eight years, added: “The entrance has been changed. Visitors used to come in from the back before a wall was built. We have got some very old photographs showing people coming in with the river behind them.”

Late Victorian landlords, the Blois family, went on in 1904 to the "Fulwich Hotel," which they ran for many years. Displays of nautical knots in the panelled saloon reflect the sea faring connections. The pub is featured in Cheers! A Hundred Years, A Hundred Pubs.

 

'White Hart Entry from Unknown book'.

The rear terrace here, raised several feet on top of tidal defenced, backs onto the river, making the "White Hart" the Borough’s only true Thameside pub. There was certainly a "White Hart" here by 1799, and it may previously have been called the "King’s Head."

Around 1840 it was also a ferry house, with its own causeway into the river. Today’s half-timbered cladding is just one of a series of disguises – in the mid-1800s it sported fashionable stuccoed walls.

In those days the door now leading to the rear yard was the main entrance, facing the quayside. Late-Victorian landlords the Blois family went on in 1904 to the "Fulwich Hotel," which they ran for many years.

Displays of nautical knots in the panelled saloon reflect sea-faring connections. It was here, in 1845, that Sir John Franklin stayed the night before launching his ill-fated expedition in search of the North West Passage.

 

LICENSEE LIST

VITOU Peter 1832-58+ (age 65 in 1851Census) Pigot's Directory 1832-34

VITOU Miss S 1862+

VITOU Mrs Sarah 1874+

VITOU Emma 1881+ (age 62 in 1881)

VITOU Mrs Sarah 1882+

REYNOLDS William John 1891+ (age 28 in 1891)

BLOIS William Ambrose 1901-03+ Next pub licensee had (age 59 in 1901) Kelly's 1903

PHILLIPS Benjamin J 1913-22+

FLETCHET Pat 1939-66+

HARRIS Terrance 1983-91+

https://pubwiki.co.uk/WhiteHart.shtml

 

Pigot's Directory 1832-34From the Pigot's Directory 1832-33-34

Kelly's 1903From the Kelly's Directory 1903

 

If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-

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