DOVER KENT ARCHIVES

Page Updated:- Friday, 03 November, 2023.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Paul Skelton

Earliest 1302

Rose Inn

Open 2023+

The Green

Wickhambreaux

01227 721763

http://www.theroseinnwickhambreaux.co.uk/ https://whatpub.com/rose-inn

Rose 1907

Above photo circa 1907, kindly supplied by Rory Kehoe.

Rose Inn 1920

Above postcard circa 1920. Kindly sent by Rory Kehoe.

Rose 1930

Above postcard, circa 1930, kindly sent by Rory Kehoe.

Rose Inn

Above postcard, circa 1935, Kindly sent by Rory Kehoe.

Rose 1955

Above postcard, 1955, kindly sent by Rory Kehoe.

Rose 1960

Above postcard, 1960, kindly sent by Rory Kehoe.

Rose Inn 1995

Above photo taken in 1995 by Olwen Fenton.

Rose Inn at Wickhambreaux Rose Inn Wickhambreaux

Above photos by Nick Smith, reproduced under the Creative Commons License.

Rose Inn at Wickhambreaux

Above photograph copyright, with permission from Ian Hadingham. 31 August 2009.

Rose 2016

Above photo, August 2016, by Paul Skelton.

Rose sign 1991Rose sign 2016

Rose sign left, July 1991, sign right, August 2016.

Above with thanks from Brian Curtis www.innsignsociety.com

 

 The "Rose Inn" is said to have derived from Fair Rosamund Clifford, the beautiful mistress of Henry II. The first rector of St Andrew's Church was reputedly a grandson of this union, and certainly the Clifford family owned the Manor of Wickham during the twelfth century. Another reason given for the name is that William de Breuse, who gave the ‘breaux' suffix to Wickham, had to pay a token rent of one rose each June to the King - perhaps Rose In June would have been more suitable?

 

Earliest known reference found so far is in the Wingham Division Ale Licence list, which shows the "Rose," Wickhambreaux, to be re-licensed for the sum of 8 shillings in 1740 indicating that the pub was present before 1740.

According to Donald Stuart's book "Old Kent Inns" Wickhambreaux is Wicham in AD 948, and Wykham Breuhuse by 1270, from the de Brayhuse family." The "Rose Inn" dates back to 1302 just after the first Prince of Wales was created and recorded as a farmhouse in the Domesday Book of 1086.

The census of 1861 and 1871 refers to this as the "Little Rose."

 

Kentish Gazette, 1 August 1854.

DEATH.

Lately, at Wickham, Mrs. West, aged 83, of the "Rose" public house.

(I assume this is Wickhambreaux as there is no pub called the "Rose" at either West or East Wickham. Paul Skelton.)

 

From the Whitstable Times, 18 January, 1902.

DESTRUCTIVE FARM FIRE AT WICKHAMBREAUX.

TWO MEN BURNT TO DEATH. THEIR CHARRED REMAINS heYOND IDENTIFICATION.

A serious fire, unfortunately attended by loss of life, occurred at Supporton Farm, Wickhambreaux, in the early hours of Sunday morning. between 1 and 1.30 a.m. the housekeeper to the Messrs. Holdstock Bros., the tenants of the farm, aroused Mr. E. Holdstook, who was in the house with his brother, Mr. P. Holdstook, and announced that the farm buildings were ablaze. Mr. Holdstock on looking out found this to he only too true. He partially dressed and went out, and, with assistance, did all he could. In the meantime the housekeeper, Miss Hayward, went for further assistance, and although the maroon at Wingham was not sent up until two o’clock in about twenty-five minutes the local fire brigade, under Captain Robinson, was on the scene. The Brigade found a small supply of water at the farm, but it was a useless task to attempt to put out the conflagration—all they could do was to look after the stacks in the neighbourhood and endeavour to keep the flames from reaching the residence of the Messrs. Holdstock. This they accomplished, and great praise should he bestowed on the members of the Brigade for their prompt action, for although there were many stacks within a few yards of the burning buildings the firemen successfully managed to prevent them from taking fire. There was a slight S.E. wind blowing at the time and had it been blowing in an opposite direction undoubtedly the house would have been burned down. The fire originated in the large barn which was totally destroyed. For a few days previous to Sunday thrashing had been in progress at the farm and the work was being done by the Wingham Agricultural Implement Company. About a dozen men were employed, and it appears four or five of them had been in the habit of sleeping in the barn at night times, although this was not known to the occupier of the farm. On the night of the fire apparently there were three men sleeping on the premises, for during the progress of the fire one was found in a cart, and he being aroused, escaped with his life the other two were in the interior of the barn and were unfortunately burnt to death before assistance could reach them. When found one man was charred to such an extent that he was unrecognisable. At the inquest held on Tuesday, a man who had been thrashing with the others, gave evidence and stated that he could identify the body as that of his brother from the way he was lying, but the jury were not satisfied with this and returned a verdict that a man was burnt to death, but that the body was pass identification. In the case of the other man who was burnt to death the circumstances are even sadder then as regards the one already referred to. The man was burned literally to a cinder, in fact, only the skull and a few bones were found. It is not known whom he was. He was a dark complexioned man, and he was only known by the nick-name of “Darkie.” besides this sad loss of life a large quantity of live stock were burned, while the cow lodge and implement shed were totally destroyed. All the harrows, ploughs, waggons, carts, and mowers, used on the farm, were totally destroyed. All the harrows, ploughs, waggons, carts, and mowers, used on the farm, were burned to such an extent as to render them utterly useless. Fortunately the farm buildings and contents are insured, the policies being affected with the County Fire Office. The barn was full of wurtzel, roots, corn, and barley at the time, and, of course, all of this was utterly destroyed. The farm belongs to the Marques Conyngham. The fire apparently originated inside the barn where the men were sleeping either by the upsetting of a lamp or by lighted cigarettes or pipes being thrown down. It will he seen by the report of the inquest below that one of the men was in the habit of smoking cigarettes, while several pipes were picked up amongst the debris. Besides the good services of the Fire Brigade the County Police rendered able assistance at the fire, and Superintendent Jacobs, Sergeant Heard, P.C.'s Vince, Binfield, Hopkins. Sands, Whitall, and Wells were soon on the scene. The damage is estimated at between 2,000 and 3,000. As the inquest was being held by Mr. Mercer on Tuesday afternoon at the farm house the corn and roots on the site of the fire were still smouldering, and at intervals broke out in flames. It should he added that the thrashing machine of the Wingham Agricultural Implement Company was totally destroyed, but is covered by insurance, and the engine is very seriously damaged.

THE INQUEST.

The East Kent Coroner (Mr. R. M. Mercer) held an Inquest at Sapperton Farm, Wickham, on Tuesday afternoon, respecting the death of Charles William Sylvester.

Ernest Holdstock, living at Supperton Farm, Wickhambreaux, stated that he was one of the occupiers of the farm the Wingham Agricultural Implement Company were employed to thrush at the farm, and they sent the engine on Tuesday morning. They thrashed on Saturday. Witness could not say how many men there ware. He did not know any of them except the driver and the feeder. There would he about a dozen men the driver’s name was Rose and the feeder's name was Impett. The men did not sleep about the premises as far as witness knew. He never gave the man permission to sleep in the barn. On Sunday morning between 1 and 1.30 witness was aroused by Miss Hayward, his housekeeper, who told him that the barn was on fire. Witness went out as soon as possible and saw the barn, lodged, and all the buildings round the yard on fire. When witness was shouting to his brother a man in a cart woke up and got out. The place was burning for a long while. No one should have slept in the barn. Witness and his brother returned from Puxton, Stodmarsh, at about 9.30 on Sunday night, and there was nothing unusual then. There was no light then. Witness knew a lamp and a pipe were found in the barn.

Thomas Sylvester, labourer, of no fixed abode, stated that he had a brother named Charles William, who went with a thrashing machine and worked for the driver of the Wingham Company. On Friday afternoon witness and his brother arrived at the farm soon after the engine. They came to thrash the wheat in the barn. They thrashed on Friday and Saturday, and it was all then done. On Saturday they went to Wickham soon after four o’clock. They went to the “Swan” and stayed there about an hour, and they then went to the “Rose” also at Wickham. They remained there till 9 or 10, when his brother and another man left. Witness was left at the public-house with a man whom they called Darkie. Witness' brother left to go to that farm, and he did not see him again until he saw the body lying on a wattle the knife produced belonged to deceased the deceased never smoked a pipe—he always smoked cigarettes. Witness was positive that the charred remains were those of his brother. He could recognise his shape and the way in which he lay when he was asleep. On the Friday night witness saw where his brother laid and he was found in the same place so knew it was his brother. He was 29 years of age and was 5 feet 10 inches in height, and he was very long in his back. Instead of going back to the farm that night witness slept in a cabbage field. He was not drunk but he had had a little. When he woke at 7 o’clock he went up to the farm and saw the fire. He wanted to know then where the body was picked up.

Harry Bates, a member of the Wingham Fire Brigade, stated that he was summoned at about 2 o’clock on Sunday morning, and he, with the Brigade, got to the fire about 2.35 a.m. He was told that men were sleeping in the barn. At 3.30 he found the body in the barn the last witness pointed out the spot where his brother had made his bed, and that was the same spot where he found the body. When found the deceased was lying on his chest. On other set of bones had been found besides the deceased—there was no other complete body found, however. There were two clay pipes found.

The Coroner said he did not want the jury to return a verdict that it was Sylvester that was dead and then next week for the man to walk round and say that he slept in a carrot field. He thought that a verdict should he returned that a man who was past identification was burned to death.

The Foreman of the jury (Mr. A. Sole) agreed with the Coroner, and most of the jury concurred in what he had said.

The jury then returned a verdict that a man was burned to death, but that he was past identification.

 

From the Dover Express and East Kent News, Friday, 18 January, 1907. Price 1d.

A temporary transfer of the "Rose," Wickhambreaux, from R. Marsh to A. Archer, was granted.

Mr. Marsh, it was stated, had had to leave the house as he was suffering from locomoter ataxy (inability to precisely control one's own bodily movements) and was also unable to be present. The new applicant had been gamekeeper to Mr. Wotton.

 

From the Dover Express and East Kent News, 6 May, 1910.

SPECIAL LICENSING SESSIONS. PLANS

Plans were submitted for a new entrance to the "Rose Inn," Wickhambreaux.

The plans were approved of.

 

From the https://www.kentonline.co.uk By Gerry Warren, 24 April 2017.

Man hospitalised after assault behind pub in Wickhambreaux near Canterbury.

A man needed hospital treatment for multiple injuries following an attack at a village pub.

It is said to have happened in a courtyard behind the Rose Inn on The Green in Wickhambreaux.

The victim, who is in his 50s, suffered injuries to the back of his head, arm, leg and lower back for which he was treated at hospital.

Rose 2017

The Rose Inn, Wickhambreaux.

It is said to have happened between 3.30pm and 3.45pm on Wednesday, April 19 and now police have issued an appeal for witnesses.

Investigating officer Sergeant Simon Drew said: "We are keen to establish the circumstances of the incident and are appealing for any witnesses to contact us.

"We believe there may have been people in the pub who may have seen what happened and we urge them to come forward."

Anyone with information should call police on 01843 222289 or Kent Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555111, quoting reference number ZY/15427/17.

 

From the https://www.kentonline.co.uk By Millie Bowles, 17 May 2023.

The Rose Inn in Wickhambreaux near Canterbury closes just after Michelin success.

A pub which was added to the Michelin guide less than four months ago has announced its closure, with the building up on the market.

The Grade II-Listed Rose Inn in Wickhambreaux near Canterbury is up for sale, and the current tenants have permanently closed their business.

Rose 2023

Michelin Guide pub The Rose Inn in Wickhambreaux near Canterbury has closed. Picture: Rightmove.

Head chef Billy Stock spoke to KentOnline when the restaurant was given its impressive status back in February.

He said: “It means a lot, especially when all the team and staff are working very hard.

“It’s nice to be rewarded for that.

Billy Stock 2023

Chef Billy Stock brought the pub in 2021 with the hopes of ‘reviving’ it for the local community. Picture: The Rose Inn.

“We’ve had quite positive feedback from customers and that’s really helped business.

“With the current climate that we’re in, it’s a very good thing, it’s very special to us.

“Obviously what we’re doing in their minds is a good thing, and that’s the standard we’ll continue to hold ourselves to.”

Michelin guide judges said: “This lovely, cosy 14th Century pub is run by a friendly, welcoming team, who serve up sharing plates in the summer and hearty, satisfying dishes in the winter – carefully prepared and full of flavour all year round.”

The venue’s website now reveals that they are “permanently closed”, adding: “Our time at The Rose Inn has come to an end.

Rose inside 2023

The Rose Inn in Wickhambreaux was added to the Michelin Guide in February. Picture: Rightmove.

“Join our newsletter to be the first to know about our next move - whatever that might be!”

Mr Stock took over the business in 2021, “reviving” 14th Century boozer with contemporary British cuisine.

On the company’s website, he said: “My goal for The Rose Inn was to bring it back to its former glory while keeping the village and community front of mind.”

It’s also listed in the Good Food Guide and Estrella Damm’s Top 50 Gastro Pubs 2023.

The historic building is available to buyers for just under 600,000.

Rose inside 2023

The decorated pub in Wickhambreaux near Canterbury is on the market. Picture: Rightmove.

Estate Agents Christie and Co say: “The Rose Inn is a very attractive Grade II Listed property, full of charm with wooden beams, exposed wooden flooring and open fireplaces.

“The business has built up a good reputation among both the local and wider community.

“It represents a great opportunity to purchase a notable public house in this area.”

 

After a closure early in 2023, it was open again by July the same year.

 

LICENSEE LIST

HEWSON Ffrancis 1740+ Wingham Ale Licences 1740

WEST Thomas 1858-61+ (age 72 in 1861Census) (Little Rose)

SMITH John R 1871+ (also bricklayer age 44 in 1871Census)

SOLE John 1881-82+ (age 36 in 1881Census) Post Office Directory 1882

MASTERS Frederick 1899+ Kelly's 1899

SOLE John 1901+ (age 62 in 1901Census)

ROSE Henry 1903+ Kelly's 1903

MARSH R to Jan/1907 Dover Express

ARCHER A Jan/1907+ Dover Express

ARCHER Alfred John 1911-30+ (age 53 in 1911Census) Post Office Directory 1913

TUCKER George 1934-38+ Kelly's 1934

STOCK Billy 2021-23

https://pubwiki.co.uk/Rose.shtml

 

Wingham Ale Licences 1740From Wingham Division Ale Licences 1740 Ref: KAO - QRLV 3/1

Post Office Directory 1882From the Post Office Directory 1882

Kelly's 1899From the Kelly's Directory 1899

Kelly's 1903From the Kelly's Directory 1903

Post Office Directory 1913From the Post Office Directory 1913

Kelly's 1934From the Kelly's Directory 1934

CensusCensus

 

If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-

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