DOVER KENT ARCHIVES

Page Updated:- Sunday, 01 August, 2021.

PUB LIST PUBLIC HOUSES Paul Skelton

Earliest 1814-

White Hart

Open 2020+

Rochester Road

Cuxton

01634 789969

https://www.whitehartcuxton.co.uk/

https://whatpub.com/white-hart

White Hart 2008

Photo by Danny Robinson 2008 from http://www.flickr.com.

White Hart 2012

Above photo 2012 by Nigel Chadwick Creative Commons Licence.

White Hart sign 1992White Hart sign 2011

Above sign left, August 1992. Sign right, 2011.

 

One of the most popular pub names. The "White Hart" is a white deer stag and was the personal emblem and livery of Richard II, who derived it from the arms of his mother, Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent", heiress of Edmund of Woodstock.

The following passage states that the pub was built in 1860, however, a book titled "Cuxton A Kentish Village" by Derek Church, gives a list of licensees of the pub, and the earliest is listed as 1839, indicating that there was a pub with that name that preceded this one.

One time a Mason's tied house, but the brewery was bought out by Shepherd Neame in 1956 and the brewery was subsequently closed and demolished.

 

Kentish Gazette, 08 March 1814.

Lime works, Whorns Place, Kent. - 900,000 Bricks, Carts, Horses, Furnitures &c.

To be sold by auction, by Mr Phillips, on the premises, Whorns place, Cuxton, near Rochester, on Friday, 18th of March inst. by order of the Proprietor, at twelve, 900,000 of Malm, Stock, and Place Bricks, of superior quality for building and fronting of Houses &c. conveniently placed for shipping by the side of the Medway, two miles from Rochester, which will be allotted in quantities, suitable to every class of purchasers.

Also all the stock for carrying on the Lime and Brick Trade on an extensive scale; consisting of five capital Cart Horses with their Harness, a useful Hackney, three Brarges, with a Rigging, Tall Boats, Anchors, Cables, &c, four Carts, and a large quantity of various Tools for conducting the above concern.

May be viewed two days preceding the Sale, and Catalogues had on the premises, the "White Hart," Cuxton, principal Innes, Rochester, Chatham, and Gravesend; and at Mr. Phillips's Estate and Auction Office, 73, New Bond Street, London.

 

From Cuxton A Kentish Village by Derek Church.

The present "White Hart" public house dates from 1860. The previous building was burned down and the new pub followed roughly the same plan-shape, in fact, I wonder if the old foundations were used.

Mr Jupp was the licensee and he was followed by Mary and Sarah Peters. Sarah, who was always known as Sally, bought the pub from Lord Darnley. She was a kindly, round faced, short person who would always send round some beef tea to anyone who was ill in the village. She also gave a supper to the bell-ringers every year. Mary, her sister, was a little odd and died in a fire under rather mysterious circumstances. During this period Tom Peak, known as Potty Peak, was ‘potboy' and used to regularly clean all the pewter tankards, or pots, and put them out to dry on the Station Road fence, one pot to each fence spile. When Sally died, the pub was bought by Masons, the brewers from Maidstone, for the, then, large sum of 8,000. George Antrim ran the "White Hart" for many years and then after the war, Bill Bennett took over and continued as licensee until quite recently.

At the rear of the pub is a timber-framed and weather-boarded building known as The Long Room. This has had many uses including a football changing room, when football was played in the Station Road meadow, a reception room, a dance hall and a venue for concerts. Three inquests have also been held here.

Alongside the pub are a substantial range of stables, for when the pub was first built all transport on the roads was horse propelled. More recently this has been used as garaging and storage space, and for many years the village's only petrol filling station was adjacent to this building.

At one time beds were always available at the "White Hart," which as an inn had by law to provide overnight accommodation for travellers. On several occasions a horseman who had had too much to drink stayed on for the night. This reminds me of the Horse named Doctor who was owned by a Hailing doctor and was eventually sold to Hilliers Dairy. Even while executing his new duties he would always come to a halt outside the "White Hart" and refused to budge until he had been given what a local inhabitant described as ‘a livener'.

After the First World War a branch of the Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes was formed in Cuxton and held their meetings in a large room on the First floor of the pub. The buffaloes were a sort of working-mans freemasonry and the Cuxton lodge, number 414B, was at first, very active. It seems to have fallen off a bit during the depression but carried on until the beginning of the last war. One of its best-remembered members was Bill Stiance who seems to have acquired the title of Mayor of Cuxton during this period. He was always in the forefront of any village reforms and often trod out footpaths that had been ploughed up. Tod Overy was onetime secretary of the lodge and his place was taken by Ted Allcom who still proudly keeps his medals and certificates.

On the bank behind the "White Hart" is a curious small building, the walls of which are constructed of mud, a material much used for building purposes in the West Country but which is little used around here. What remains of the roof structure seems to be composed of old ships timbers and perhaps this isn't so surprising because Mr Jupp, Sally Peter's uncle, and a previous licensee, did a bit of boat-building here. These boats were pulled down the old landway which led to ‘Noahs Ark' and which can still be traced on the ground in places. By a strange coincidence, much more recently, Colin Cogger used this very building as cover when he built his own sailing cruiser in 1965. The land way had by this time disappeared, so Colin dragged his boat to the river along Station Road. Another feature which has now gone is the village pond which was situated opposite the pub alongside Station Road.

This went when Station Road and the main road were widened and made up in the early 1920s. Before that time, as reference to an early photograph will show, the environs of the "White Hart" were much more attractive. Adjacent to the pond were some fine elm trees and in front of it was a smart white-painted rail fence.

 

Extracts from http://www.kentcrp.org.uk/cuxtonwalk.pdf

WHITE HART PUB

Roman beginnings and wartime memories.

The "White Hart" pub was built in 1860. During construction, considerable finds of Roman pottery were made. The finds are now lost but it is recorded that one of the vessels had the name of the potter, Matemus, stamped on it.

The Lost Landscapes project received a contribution that included a personal account of the "White Hart" written by Lilian Bennett, who first went to live at the pub in 1914. She recalled how this part of the village looked then:-

"At that time the "White Hart" grounds stretched right across to the station on one side, and almost to the Vicarage drive on Church Hill. There was not a house in sight, but the marsh today is almost the same as it was then... Then there were the hops, all up one side of the village street (Bush Road) and extending past the school..."

Lilian recorded memories from both World Wars...

From WWI:

"Suddenly 'Big Lizzie' (the gun on the other side of the river) pounded away. The whole pub shook... As we looked out of the window we saw a Zeppelin which my aunt said was probably going towards London."

From WWII:-

"I decided to go to the woods to get some blackberries, and while there the air raid warning sounded. A huge black bomber swooped overhead, with spitfires after it... I cowered in the hedge, bullets were flying everywhere... In a few minutes it was all over... I decided to carry on picking blackberries and about 5 o'clock, headed for home. When I got to the top of Church Hill, I stopped in amazement outside the pub were crowds of people. I raced down the hill - I thought the pub had been hit... Not so. What had been hit or merely grazed, was Court Lodge, home of Shorts drawing offices [Shorts was an aircraft manufacturer based in the area]... The staff had left in a body and were now gathered outside the "White Hart" expecting to be let in and provided with brandy!'

These extracts are taken from Cuxton Remembered by Lilian Bennett.

 

Kentish Gazette 03 February 1852.

THE LATE MYSTERIOUS CASE.

The adjourned inquest on the body found under such mysterious circumstances, in the river Medway, on the 10th inst., was resumed at the Guildhall, Rochester, on Monday, before Mr. Lewes, the coroner. Since the last inquiry it has been ascertained deceased's name was John Brown, aged 38, late a marine on board H.M.S. London. The first witness called was John Langworthy, who identified the body by the clothes. The deceased was discharged from the London, on the 12th November last, when he stated his intention of obtaining his discharge, having served 21 years, and then to enter the same ship as an able seaman. Witness received a letter from him on the 14th of November, but never saw him after. Deceased was a single man and had when he left the ship a 5 note, 2 sovereigns and some silver. Mr. S. Steele, surgeon, had examined the body, which had been in the water at least 6 weeks, but the state the body was in, would only admit of a partial examination. He had no doubt the deceased came by his death by submersion. John Webb, a marine, saw the deceased at Sheerness, he then went to witness's house, where he drank very much, and appeared in low spirits. Deceased went to bed, but in the afternoon he would go out, and witness never saw him again. James Allen, another marine, met the deceased next day in High street, Chatham. Joseph Grover, an ostler at the "White Hart," Cuxton, proved finding the body in the river. He and his brother placed a rope round the head, and towed it to the side of a boat, having procured a stake they drove it into the mud tying the body to it, intending to take it ashore afterwards, as they were engaged on board their master's barge at the time. On going there in about an hour and a half after-wards, they found it had floated away. After a few observations from the Coroner, the jury returned a verdict of "Found Drowned."

 

Maidstone Telegraph 28 July 1860.

CUXTON. DISCOVERY OF ROMAN REMAINS.

In recently excavating the foundations for a new inn at Cuxton, on the site of the "White Hart," the workmen dug up a quantity of Roman pottery, probably the remains of a sepulchral interment. It consisted of five or six paterae and cups of the red glazed ware, commonly called "Samian," an urn (which probably contained the burnt bones), and a smaller urn-shaped vessel in dark-coloured clay. Two of the red dishes bore the potters' names, one of which was imperfectly stamped and illegible. The other is Maternus, a name which occurs in the list of Roman potter's names found in the late excavations made in the city of London, and published by Mr. Roach Smith in his "Collectanea Antiqu." The vessels discovered are now in the possession of the Earl of Darnley. — Bulder.

 

Dover Express 18 June 1864.

ROCHESTER. The FATAL BOAT ACCIDENT ON THE MEDWAY.

The adjourned inquest on the bodies of William Thomas Thurlow, Ebenezer Gibbons and Elizabeth Holland, who were drowned by the upsetting of a boat in the Medway on, the 5th inst., was held on Monday afternoon last by Bower Marsh, Esq., deputy coroner.

Edward Jupp, landlord of the "White Hart," Cuxton, deposed to having heard of the accident between twelve and one in the afternoon. Witness immediately took a boat and a net, and with two of his men proceeded to the part of the river where the accident occurred, and discovered the bodies of the deceased about six feet apart.

Edward Young, station master at Cuxton, deposed that he saw the boat capsize, immediately on which he called a porter and another man named Hymns, who went out in a boat and rescued Mr. Hollands and the child. Witness immediately took the child into the station, and adopted the usual means to restore animation. He also telegraphed for a surgeon, and Mr. Langstone arrived from Stroud. The deceased were all floating together before they sunk.

William Charted Holland deposed that he was in charge of the boat, and at the time of the accident they were tacking about, and the witness engaged stowing the pump away. A sudden squall took the boat and capsized it, when she filled and went down.

This being the whole of the evidence, the jury returned a verdict, "That the deceased were accidentally drowned" and they at the same time recommended Mr. Holland, if ever he used the boat again, to use smaller sails therewith."

 

Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser, Saturday 10 June 1871.

Halling. Shocking Suicide.

An inquest was held on Wednesday, at the "White Hart Inn," Cuxton, by T. Hills, Esq., upon the body of Harriet Pointer, who committed suicide by throwing herself down and well 150 feet deep, in the parish of Halling, on the previous day.

The deceased had previously attempted self destruction by similar means, and it seemed had been confined in a lunatic asylum about 4 years ago, since when time which time she had been strange.

A verdict of temporary insanity was returned.

 

From the Kent Burial Records.

Sarah Peters (1843-1919) buried at Cuxton, St. Michael & All Angels, on 26 February 1919, of the "White Hart Inn," Cuxton.

 

Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald 17 August 1940.

Man’s Leg Found at Whitstable.

MUTILATED BODY THAT HAD BEEN DRAGGED FROM NEAR ROCHESTER.
MASTER BAKER'S SUICIDE.

A tragic story was told at an inquest held by Mr. T. B. Bishop (Acting Coroner for North-East Kent) at "The White Hart." Cuxton, near Rochester, on Friday afternoon, touching the death of Edgar Honey, aged 72 years, a master baker, of 117 Bill Street Road, Frindsbury, part of whose mangled body was found on the permanent way of the Southern Railway, on Thursday, August 8th, near Pebbles' Crossing, Cuxton, and another portion near Whitstable, the following day. Herbert Edgar Honey, of 111 Bill Street Road, a baker employed by his father, gave evidence of identification. He last saw his father alive at 3 p.m. on Wednesday, August 8th, before he (witness) went on his rounds. His father then appeared as well as he had been for a long time past. Latterly, deceased appeared to have been depressed as a result of the war, and had been unable to sleep, and on the advice of Dr. Eric Greenwood, of Rochester, he had attended the Kent County Hospital at Chatham on July 29th. On last Wednesday afternoon, however, deceased told witness that he had had as good a night's sleep as he had enjoyed for a long time past, and during the afternoon played a game of darts with witness’ father-in-law. Deceased had a good bakery business and no domestic worries. He lived by himself, and had never threatened to take his life. So far as witness knew, deceased had no business or friendship that would have taken him out Cuxton-way.

Charles William Wickens, of 100, King Street, Rochester, employed by the Southern Railway, deposed to having found a mutilated body at 7.05 a.m. on the Thursday morning, at Cuxton. One leg was missing. The body was lying in the "down" road, right across the four-foot way.

P.C. Ledger. Kent County Constabulary, stationed at Cuxton, deposed to being called to the scene of the tragedy. The body was almost naked and the head was lying towards the middle rail. The clothes had been torn off. Marks on the body indicated that it had been dragged about 75 yards before it was dropped by the engine of the train. The right leg was missing, and had been found that (Friday) morning, on the railway line at Whitstable, which was a good many miles away. The train that had struck deceased had not yet been traced, and parts of deceased’s clothing were still missing.

Dr. J. C. Spencer Edwards, of "St Elmo," Halling, described the injuries on deceased's body, which were of a multiple character. The cause of death was shock, following a fracture of the skull and laceration of the brain.

The Coroner returned a verdict of "Suicide, whilst the balance of deceased’s mind was disturbed."

 

LICENSEE LIST

PARKER Francis to 1837 dec'd

PARKER Mary 1838-41 (age 35 in 1841Census)

JUPP Edward 1841+74+ (widower age 58 in 1871Census)

PETERS Miss Sarah 1881-91 (age 48 in 1891Census)

JUPP Edward & PETERS Sarah 1891-1901+

JUPP Edward 1903+ Kelly's 1903

PETERS Miss Sarah 1911-Feb/19 dec'd (spinster age 68 in 1911Census)

ANTRUM William Thomas 1922-30+

ANTRUM Herbert George 1938+

BENNETT George "Bill" William 1939-69

https://pubwiki.co.uk/WhiteHart.shtml

 

Kelly's 1903From the Kelly's Directory 1903

CensusCensus

 

If anyone should have any further information, or indeed any pictures or photographs of the above licensed premises, please email:-

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